A Tungusic language
, Manchu is now only spoken by a few elders, he says, but it is important for reading documents of China's last imperial dynasty and for exploring the Altaic family of languages.
In the second edition she writes "Manchu belongs to the Tungusic language
family which spreads from Western Siberia to the Pacific.
Oroqen, a Tungusic language
spoken in China, uses the partial reduplication of adjective stems to indicate intensity.
Fo '100' the Tsintsius comparative Tungus dictionary is cited as registering "[a] promising etymology [that] relates this word to the Tungusic language
Orok, powo 'ten'" (p.
In Nanai, a Tungusic language
of the lower Amur region, k, g, and x have uvular variants when occurring before vowels of the pharyngeal series; 1 likewise has a darker (i.e., pharyngealized) variant in the presence of pharyngealized vowels (Avrorin 1959: 32-37).
For example, Shirokogorov cited Smits's work regarding the study of Tungusic languages
; he used Smits's Language of the Negidals and the Language of the Olchas for comparative purposes.
The manuscript is part of the library of Polish Orientalist Wladyslaw Kotwicz (1872-1944), who devoted part of his scholarly life to the study of Turkic, Mongolic, and Tungusic languages
. Details of the author and origins remain unclear, he says, but another Polish scholar, Edward Peikarski (1858-1934) attributed it to N.
Sinor (1961 : 172-173) compared this item in Pallas to Mongolian gunje 'radeau, canot' and similar items in the Tungusic languages
, but as Middle Mongolian loans in Mari were typically mediated through Turkic (see e.g.
He examines the vowel inventories and vowel patterns of modern varieties of these languages to determine whether retracted tongue root was the original contrast in Korean, Mongolic, and Tungusic languages
; and how these original vowel systems have evolved through time from a retracted tongue root to a palatal harmony as in, for example, some varieties of Mongolic.
Similar negative verbs are attested in a number of Tungusic languages
. Whereas these Tungusic languages
seems to lack an equivalent for the Northern Samoyedic 'not know', it has a number of verbs expressing the concept 'not be able'.
First of all, the authors propose that Proto-Altaic lacked vowel harmony, a prominent feature of Turkic, Mongolic, and Tungusic languages
. Here the inclusion of Korean and Japanese as integral members of the Altaic family has obviously been a deciding factor, since these languages at best have only vestiges of vowel harmony.
In northwestern Siberia, influences may include Paleo-Siberian (Ket, Yukaghir) or Tungusic languages
. In the case of the Ob-Ugric languages, the influence of Komi should also be considered.