Asteraceae), Cylindropuntia tunicata
Geographic coordinates 18.
Key words: traditional knowledge, fieldwork, collaborative fieldwork, ecology, black leather chiton, Katharina tunicata
, sea ice, collaboration, Alutiiq, Inuit
, Pereskiopsis diguetti y Stenocereus pruinosus.
The rare spiro-5,6-lactone ring skeleton found in the three compounds has been reported as fungal secondary metabolites from Massarina tunicata
(Oh et al.
In accordance with this, it is a recognized fact that a likely association exists between pigments and toxic activity in several marine pigmented heterotrophic bacteria; for example, a number of biosynthetic enzymes involved in synthesis of inhibitors compounds were identified for pigment synthesis in Pseudoalteromonas tunicata
(Lichstein & van de Sand 1945, Holmstrom et al.
Pod corn tunicata
Thought to be an ancestor or relative to corn; individual kernels enclosed in husks or pods; not produced commercially.
, isolated from the surface of a tunicate showed antifouling activity against Balanus amphrite and Ciona intestinails larvae.
Location(s) Solitary or Taxon collected Colonial Phylum Chordata Subphylum Tunicata
Class Ascidiacea Order Aplousobranchia Family Didemnidae Didemnum psammathodes b Colonial Didemnum duplicatum b, c Colonial Diplosoma listerianum b Colonial Lissoclinum fragile a, b Colonial Family Polyclinidae Polyclinum constellatum b, e Colonial Family Clavelinidae Clavelina oblonga d Colonial Order Phlebobranchia Family Perophoridae Perophora sp.
with an account of the British species.