turbine

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turbine
top: impulse turbine
bottom: reaction turbine

tur·bine

 (tûr′bĭn, -bīn′)
n.
Any of various machines in which the kinetic energy of a moving fluid is converted to mechanical power by the impulse or reaction of the fluid with a series of buckets, paddles, or blades arrayed about the circumference of a wheel or cylinder.

[French, from Latin turbō, turbin-, spinning top, perhaps from Greek turbē, turmoil.]

turbine

(ˈtɜːbɪn; -baɪn)
n
(Mechanical Engineering) any of various types of machine in which the kinetic energy of a moving fluid is converted into mechanical energy by causing a bladed rotor to rotate. The moving fluid may be water, steam, air, or combustion products of a fuel. See also reaction turbine, impulse turbine, gas turbine
[C19: from French, from Latin turbō whirlwind, from turbāre to throw into confusion]

tur•bine

(ˈtɜr bɪn, -baɪn)

n.
any of various machines having a rotor, usu. with vanes or blades, driven by the pressure or thrust of a moving fluid, as steam, water, hot gases, or air, either in the form of free jets or as a fluid filling a housing around the rotor.
[1815–25; < French < Latin turbin-, s. of turbō top, spindle, whirlwind; akin to turbid]
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turbine
An impulse turbine (top) rotates when the force of a stream of water hits cup-shaped buckets that are mounted around the perimeter of a rotor. In a reaction turbine (bottom), the pressure of the water being discharged from the nozzle forces the turbine to rotate in the direction opposite to the water's motion.

tur·bine

(tûr′bĭn, tûr′bīn′)
Any of various machines in which the kinetic energy of a moving fluid, such as water, steam, or gas, is converted to rotary motion.

turbine

- Came from Latin turbo, "whirl, whirling thing."
See also related terms for whirl.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.turbine - rotary engine in which the kinetic energy of a moving fluid is converted into mechanical energy by causing a bladed rotor to rotateturbine - rotary engine in which the kinetic energy of a moving fluid is converted into mechanical energy by causing a bladed rotor to rotate
vane, blade - flat surface that rotates and pushes against air or water
gas turbine - turbine that converts the chemical energy of a liquid fuel into mechanical energy by internal combustion; gaseous products of the fuel (which is burned in compressed air) are expanded through a turbine
hydroelectric turbine - turbine consisting of a large and efficient version of a water wheel used to drive an electric generator
impulse turbine - a turbine that is driven by jets direct against the blades
reaction turbine - a turbine with blades arranged to develop torque from gradual decrease of steam pressure from inlet to exhaust
rotary engine - an internal-combustion engine in which power is transmitted directly to rotating components
rotor, rotor coil - the rotating armature of a motor or generator
stator, stator coil - mechanical device consisting of the stationary part of a motor or generator in or around which the rotor revolves
steam turbine - turbine in which steam strikes blades and makes them turn
wind turbine - a turbine that is driven by the wind
Translations
مُحَرِّك بُخاري أو مائي
turbína
turbine
turbiini
turbina
túrbína, hverfill
タービン
turbina
turbīna
turbína

turbine

[ˈtɜːbaɪn] Nturbina f

turbine

[ˈtɜːrbaɪn] nturbine f

turbine

nTurbine f

turbine

[ˈtɜːbaɪn] nturbina

turbine

(ˈtəːbain) noun
a type of motor, operated by the action of water, steam, gas etc. a steam turbine.
References in classic literature ?
There was some talk about turbine engines, direct application of steam, and the absence of pistons, rods, and cranks,--all of which was beyond me, for I was familiar only with sailing craft; but I did understand the last words of the engineer.
Unfortunately, turbine engine performance comes at a high cost, and although there are some promising small engines in the works, there is little opportunity to dramatically lower the cost of turbine engines and spark a resurgence in general aviation powered by turbines replacing pistons.
About three years ago, new management with fresh capital assigned the engineering team the task of creating a family of turbine engines that would be superior in performance and more reliable than any other engine in the UAV marketplace.
He was then approached by Bertie Fogg, director of engineering at Leyland Corporation, who asked him to set up a company to design, develop and manufacture gas turbine engines for trucks.
Chromalloy currently provides design, engineering, tooling, machining, repairs, coatings and cast parts for turbine engines in aerospace, aero-derivative and industrial gas turbine applications.
It focuses on four areas of interest: modeling of engine dynamics, application of specific control design methods to gas turbine engines, advanced control concepts, and engine condition monitoring.
XcelPlus Global Holdings Inc announced today that it has acquired a new alternative energy fuel technology and process that enables glycerin, a byproduct from bio-diesel production, to be converted to a fuel suitable for use in turbine engines.
Kovnat (Letter, July) mentions the use of methanol in gas turbine engines and wonders ".
Thermal barrier coatings are used in gas turbine engines on hot surfaces of structural components to extend the lifetimes of these components.
When the M-1 began rolling off the assembly line in 1980, the Army found that the turbine engines were seriously deficient.
Currently there are about 430 gas turbine engines on 129 U.
Japan Turbine Technologies provides repair services for turbine airfoils installed on large commercial gas turbine engines.

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