Secondly, an Afrocentric emphasis on spirituality and intuition as valid sources of information (Mazama 2003) broadens the understanding of human security In African folklore (for example, Tutuola
1952), spirits, ghosts and half-humans/half-gods often take centre stage.
Para o critico Silvio Paradiso (2014), O romance "O bebedor de vinho de palmeira", do escritor Yoruba Amos Tutuola
, publicado em 1952, foi pioneiro em positivar os costumes de um povo africano, e apesar de ser criticado de "descrever um personagem embriagado, sem o dominio da lingua inglesa e totalmente supersticioso, levando a ideia de um povo yoruba aos moldes essencialistas.", tambem houve:
But a breakthrough had been accomplished: in the 1991 Gallimard Catalogue, only two writers from sub-Saharan Africa featured in the World Literary Series (Du Monde Entier): Thomas Mofolo, translated from Sesotho (1940); and Amos Tutuola
, "translated" from Nigerian English (1954) by Raymond Queneau, a close friend and associate of Jean Paulhan.
Byatt, Pat Barker, Philippa Gregory, Janice Galloway, Bernice Rubbens, Tessa Hadley, Jeniffer Johnston, Sinead Morissey, Colette Bryce, Maya Chowdhry, Imtiaz Dharker, Buchi Emecheta, Bernardine Evaristo, Diana Evans, Nadifa Mohamed, Beryl Gilroy, Helen Oyeyemi, Amos Tutuola
, Cornelia Sorabji, Atiya Fyzee, Attia Hossain, Sarojini Naidu, Monica Ali, Kamila Shamsie, Gareth Peirce, with both thematic and technical, in-depth analysis.List of contributors include remarkable scholars from mostly UK such as Linda Anderson, Claire Chambers, Deborah Chambers, Hywel Dix, Jane Dowson, Gabriele Griffin, Clare Hanson, Maroula Joannou, Jeannette King, Gail Low, Rebecca Munford, Ruvani Ranasinha, Suzanne Scafe, Susan Watkins, Sue Zlosnik, besides Mary Eagleton and Emma Parker.
In Chapter Four, Kalliney turns to the BBC as a site where metropolitan modernists and emerging postcolonial artists could cohaborate based on shared cultural values, and in Chapter Five he examines the discovery, marketing, and reception of Amos Tutuola
's The Palm-Wine Drinkard and My Life in the Bush of Ghosts (1953 and 1954).