That primary battle was fought to a draw between Luther and Swiss reformer Ulrich Zwingli
, who thought the bread and wine were just symbols of Christ's body and blood.
This approach to Scripture engendered the movement that began with Ulrich Zwingli
, who was appointed priest of the Great Minster of Zurich in 1519, and blossomed, via a circuitous route, into Swiss Anabaptism.
The largest group of these Protestants were the Lutherans, whose doctrines and practices issued from largely French reformer John Calvin and Swiss reformer Ulrich Zwingli
. Another group was the Anabaptists, and the English Church.
5; around 6,500 [pounds sterling]), while Kunstkammer Georg Laue offers a bronze medal with the portrait of Swiss Protestant reformer Ulrich Zwingli
by Nuremberg sculptor Georg Schweigger (1613-90; Fig.
Below the image of the crucified Christ in this wall painting are gathered 12 historical figures who played an important role in the 16th century in the renewal of the church and of our view of the world: Nicholas Copernicus, Ulrich Zwingli
, John Calvin, Ignatius Loyola, Thomas More, Katharina von Bora, Martin Luther, Thomas Muntzer, Johannes Bugenhagen, Philipp Melanchthon, Lucas Cranach, and Erasmus of Rotterdam.
He met his rival Protestant reformer Ulrich Zwingli
. Visitors to the sites of the events in Marburg can take a trip into the past.Luther is said to have crossed the River Lahn at Weidenhaus Bridge in a coach, with his entire retinue.
It would have been helpful to include, for example, a chapter on Luther's reception in the Reformed tradition, which from Ulrich Zwingli
to Karl Barth has included some of the most influential of Luther's interpreters.
He demonstrates with additional documentation that Erasmus was variously effective in the development of the theologies of Martin Luther, Ulrich Zwingli
, and the Anabaptists.
Coren's treatment of Mary is thorough, and he is devastating in taking on Protestant critics of the important role Mary plays in the Catholic Church as a way of knowing and thus getting closer to Jesus: he quotes early Protestant Refor mation leaders such as Martin Luther, John Calvin, and Ulrich Zwingli
. Luther said: "It is a matter of faith that Mary is Mother of the Lord and a Virgin" Zwingli said: "The more the honour and love of Chirst increases among men, so much the esteem and honour given to Mary should grow." As Coren observes, "a delightful and intensely accurate Catholic approach to the entire subject."
Both Calvin and his more radical counterpart, Ulrich Zwingli
, took issue with any reference to the bodily presence of Christ in the elements.
The basis for this survey consists of material gathered from the revised, second edition of the Short-Title Catalogue, the English Short Title Catalogue, and dedications and prefaces in English editions of books written by the following German, Swiss, and Italian reformers: Theodore de Beze, Theodore Bibliander, Johann Brentz, Martin Bucer, Heinrich Bullinger, Jean Calvin, Martin Luther, Antoine Marcort, Philipp Melanchthon, Bernardino Ochino, Johannes Oecolampadius, Andreas Osiander, Peter Palladius, Urbanus Regius, Johann Spangenberg, Pietro Martire Vermigli, Jean Veron, Herman von Wied, and Ulrich Zwingli
. This selection, though arbitrary, includes the thinkers who most greatly influenced the English reception of continental reform.