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 (ŭl′trə-mŏn′tān′, -mŏn-tān′)
1. Of or relating to peoples or regions lying beyond the mountains, especially the Alps.
2. Roman Catholic Church
a. Supporting the authority of the papal court over national or diocesan authority.
b. Relating to or supporting the doctrine of papal supremacy.
1. One who lives beyond the mountains, especially south of the Alps.
2. often Ultramontane Roman Catholic Church One who advocates support of papal policy in ecclesiastical and political matters.

[Medieval Latin ultrāmontānus : Latin ultrā-, ultra- + Latin montānus, of mountains (from mōns, mont-, mountain; see men- in Indo-European roots).]


1. (Physical Geography) on the other side of the mountains, esp the Alps, from the speaker or writer. Compare cismontane
2. (Roman Catholic Church) of or relating to a movement in the Roman Catholic Church which favours the centralized authority and influence of the pope as opposed to local independence. Compare cisalpine2
3. (Peoples) a resident or native from beyond the mountains, esp the Alps
4. (Roman Catholic Church) a member of the ultramontane party of the Roman Catholic Church


(ˌʌl trə mɒnˈteɪn, -ˈmɒn teɪn)

1. beyond the mountains.
2. of or pertaining to the area south of the Alps, esp. to Italy.
3. pertaining to or advocating ultramontanism.
4. a person who lives beyond the mountains.
5. a person living south of the Alps.
6. a believer in ultramontanism.
[1585–95; < Medieval Latin]


- Means "beyond the mountains."
See also related terms for mountains.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.ultramontane - a Roman Catholic who advocates ultramontanism (supreme papal authority in matters of faith and discipline)ultramontane - a Roman Catholic who advocates ultramontanism (supreme papal authority in matters of faith and discipline)
Roman Catholic - a member of the Roman Catholic Church
Adj.1.ultramontane - of or relating to ultramontanism
2.ultramontane - on or relating to or characteristic of the region or peoples beyond the Alps from Italy (or north of the Alps)ultramontane - on or relating to or characteristic of the region or peoples beyond the Alps from Italy (or north of the Alps); "ancient transalpine Gaul was an area northwest of the Alps and included modern France and Belgium"; "Cracow was a transalpine university"
tramontane, transmontane - on or coming from the other side of the mountains (from the speaker); "the transmontane section of the state"; "tramontane winds"
3.ultramontane - on the Italian or Roman side of the Alpsultramontane - on the Italian or Roman side of the Alps; "ancient cisalpine Gaul included an area south and east of the Alps"
cismontane - on this (the speaker's) side of the mountains; "a contest in Virginia between a cismontane and a tramontane people"
References in classic literature ?
He was seen at once rummaging with ardor in an old box, in which he found some brushes, a little gnawed by the rats, but still passable; some colors in bladders almost dried up; some linseed-oil in a bottle, and a palette which had formerly belonged to Bronzino, that dieu de la pittoure, as the ultramontane artist, in his ever young enthusiasm, always called him.
You do not know these ultramontane millionaires; they are regular misers.
It need not be thus, Tocqueville speculated; the church could become a powerful ally of democracy and equality, as French Catholic ultramontanes, such as Hugues Felcite Lamennais, would propose late in Tocqueville's lifetime.
It is clear that the Ultramontanes, the proponents of papal infallibility at Vatican I, viewed the doctrine as a proposal in religious epistemology and were concerned with epistemic certainty in religious matters.
This realization had set in by the late 19th century, when Church leaders came to see the defense of the confessional state by legitimist ultramontanes as a political dead end but recognized the elevation of the papacy by spiritual ultramontanes as an effective defense of Catholic liberties against attacks by anticlerical liberals.
As Newman himself later wrote in his Letter to the Duke of Norfolk (1874), the "wild words and overbearing deeds" of the Ultramontanes seemed to verify the Protestant accusation that converts to Catholicism lose their "freedom of thought and action" (176-77, 342).
179-207), which deftly negotiates the minefield of church politics and skillfully exposes the different attitudes of Ultramontanes and Gallicans in regard to early music; and "Baroque Choral Music: the Popular and the Profound" (pp.
For ultramontanes like Manning, the pope, as Melchisedech's successor, claimed supremacy in temporal as well as spiritual matters.
The struggle against the Ultramontanes was the most prominent factor at that period, but there were also other matters which preoccupied the south German liberals, like the demand for far-reaching reforms in schools and in the administrative bureaucracy, together with a demand for equal opportunities for every man, whatever his status or origin, to realize his abilities in the economy and in social life.
And so, as "American liberals relied upon schools to produce citizens worthy of a democratic republic," (43) Catholics insisted that "the work of education [was] a principally religious work," (44) with ultramontanes like Fr.
Or, to use his favourite code word to mean the same thing: ultramontanes, his put-down of mid-19th-century Ontario parents who worried about what they saw as modernist tendencies at the then recently founded St.
Grainne, who married Pat Thorpe of Irish band The Ultramontanes in New York last year, said she was relieved the case had come to a close.