During the 1850s, the region was shaken by protracted civil wars in some of its principal states, as well as by fierce confrontations between the French, who were advancing inland from their bases along the lower Senegal, and the forces of the militant Islamic reformer, Al-Hajj Umar Tal
. Although the upper Senegal enjoyed a period of relative stability and economic recovery after 1860, the major beneficiaries of that recovery were the local chiefs allied to the French, and in 1885 the revolt of Mamadu Lamine, another warrior-cleric, threw the region into turmoil once again.
Apres la guerre sainte de El Haj Umar Tal
, le Bondou, affaibli par les guerres, la famine et l'Amigration, fut gouverne par un Sisibe mis au pouvoir par les Francais, l'Almaami Bokar Saada.