Among the entries for the year 2007 are the 'Abbasid Revolution that led to the fall of the Umayyads
and the establishment of the 'Abbasid dynasty in the mid-second/eighth century; military wazir for three successive Fatimid caliphs al-Afdal b.
Mutual benefits between the Umayyad
political hegemony and local non-Muslim elites are also at the center of Touraj Daryaee's "Persian Lords and the Umayyads
: Cooperation and Coexistence in a Turbulent Time," the only chapter that discusses non-Muslims who were not Christian.
In chapter 4, she analyzes the historical events that led to fragmentation among Arabs, thus favouring the rule of the Umayyads
. The chapter focuses on Mu'awiya, the first caliph of this dynasty, who broke the peace pact in order to adopt his idea based "on a divide-and-conquer strategy to maintain control over their captive populations (Arab and non-Arab)" (p.
An important part of 'Abd al-Rahman Ill's legitimizing efforts lay in emphasizing the Muslim conquest of al-Andalus as an event that happened under the leadership of the Umayyads
. This was a period of great expansion of Muslim territory into Asia, Africa, and al-Andalus.
also involved in a variety of goals late in his life.
Hossein is highly regarded by Shiite Muslims because he refused to pledge allegiance to Yazid I, the Umayyad
caliph because he considered the rules of the Umayyads
It reminded of old war of Umayyads
, Abbasids and new war of world powers and Mideast against Shi'ite Hussainiat!
| (With photos) DAMASCUS, Sept 23 (KUNA) -- One citizen was killed by explosion of a roadside bomb on a bridge at the old fairgrounds road, which is extending from Umayyads
square to Four Seasons International Hotel, It was announced here on Sunday.
"I have strong desire to be here with you at al-Umayyad Square , in the heart of Damascus, the capital of the Umayyads
, Resistance, Civilization, the blessed Bilad al-Sham, which they wanted for to be transferred from the land of harmony, amity, and peace to a land which they plant with destruction, killing, and wreckage," said H.E.
To make sense of all this, and to show both the city's complexity and continuity, the author follows the activates of certain families, the Maccabees, Herodians, Umayyads
, Saladin, Rothschilds and his own family, the Montefiores.
That this community of the righteous later evolved into an exclusive religion as "Islam" must be understood within the gradually emerging importance of the community's perception of their identity, precipitated by the Umayyads
' articulation of the basic religious idea, which for the most part was aimed at providing legitimacy for their imperial agenda.
Imam al-Hussein and his household were slain in the battle of Taf in the hegira calendar year of 61 (681 AD) by an army of Umayyads
upon orders from Yazid Ibn Muaawiya Ibn Abi Sufyan, the second Umayyad