damping

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damp·ing

 (dăm′pĭng)
n.
The gradual reduction of excessive oscillation, vibration, or signal intensity, and therefore of instability in a mechanical or electrical device, by a substance or some aspect of the device.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

damping

(ˈdæmpɪŋ)
n
1. moistening or wetting
2. stifling, as of spirits
3. (Electronics) electronics the introduction of resistance into a resonant circuit with the result that the sharpness of response at the peak of a frequency is reduced
4. (General Engineering) engineering any method of dispersing energy in a vibrating system
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
Cases 1-3 show overdamping, Case 4 critical damping, and Cases 5 and 6 underdamping. The underdamped mode showed the highest responsiveness, indicating the fastest transmission time of [tau].
That is also the reason that the issues arising from underdamping of high-frequency response in simulations of FRP-concrete bonded joint are more serious than that in element tests under Mode II fracture mode.
Underdamping is caused by resonance in the system, which can be controlled by a propriety device inserted between the arterial catheter and the transducer.
Critical damping is defined as the threshold between overdamping and underdamping. In the case of critical damping, the oscillator returns to the equilibrium position as quickly as possible, without oscillating, and passes it once at most [1].
It can be found from Figure 7 that overdamping system was better than underdamping and critical damping systems with a stable response to the same step signal.
And the averaged power spectrum displays the relationship between the system, the cosine signal, and the asymmetric dichotomous noise for different underdamping and overdamping coefficients, from which we can find SR phenomenon.