stem cell

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stem cell

n.
An unspecialized cell that can give rise to one or more different types of specialized cells, such as blood cells and nerve cells. Stem cells are present in embryos and in various tissues of adult organisms and are widely used in scientific research.

stem cell

n
(Biology) histology an undifferentiated cell that gives rise to specialized cells, such as blood cells

stem′ cell`


n.
a cell that upon division replaces its own numbers and also gives rise to cells that differentiate further into one or more specialized types.
[1880–85]

stem cell

A cell that has the potential to develop into any of a number of different types of cells. Embryos have stem cells that can develop into almost any kind of body cell. Certain tissues in adults also produce stem cells, although the range of cells that they can develop into is limited.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.stem cell - an undifferentiated cell whose daughter cells may differentiate into other cell types (such as blood cells)
somatic cell, vegetative cell - any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells; a cell that does not participate in the production of gametes; "somatic cells are produced from preexisting cells";
hematopoeitic stem cell - blood forming stem cells in the bone marrow; T cells and B cells arise from these stem cells
Translations
kmenová buňka
Stammzelle
kantasolu
cellule souche
őssejt
cellula staminale
References in periodicals archive ?
A stem cell is an unspecialized cell that is capable of developing into a specialized cell of the body, such as a skin cell, a blood cell, a muscle cell, or a nerve cell.
By definition, "a stem cell is an unspecialized cell that can both self-renew (reproduce itself) and differentiate into functional phenotypes.
Shiwani Moghe, a graduate student at Texas Woman's University, decided to evaluate whether blueberry polyphenols play a role in adipocyte differentiation, the process in which a relatively unspecialized cell acquires specialized features of an adipocyte, an animal connective tissue cell specialized for the synthesis and storage of fat.
The BP term brown fat cell differentiation, defined as the process in which a relatively unspecialized cells acquire specialized features of a brown adipocyte, is an animal connective tissue cell involved in adaptive thermogenesis [35].
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are unspecialized cells that can be isolated from various tissues within the body including bone marrow, adipose, dermal, umbilical cord blood, and synovial fluid [1-3].
We look to the future and see people whose lives have been made better thanks to the scientific breakthroughs brought about by stem cell therapy." Stem cells are unspecialized cells that have the potential to develop into different cell types with specialized function, such muscle cells, red blood cells or brain cells.
Adult stem cells are unspecialized cells, which show self-renewal and can selfmaintain for a long time with the potential to commit to a cell lineage with specialized functions.
In nature, embryonic development starts with a mass of unspecialized cells. Different kinds of tissue form thanks to chemical gradients that spread across that unmolded cellular "clay." Cornell's robots are built along the same model 6 except instead of a mass of cells, the starting material with a cube subdivided into blocks (the number of blocks can vary from hundreds to thousands or more).