Among the texts are Epicurus' Letter to Menoeceus in the third century BC, the anonymous fifth-century Katha Upanishad
: Death as a Teacher, Of a Particular Providence of a Future State (1739-40) by David Hume, Immortality Without Boredom (2009) by Lisa Bortolotti and Yugin Nagasawa, and Susan Wolf's The Significance of Doomsday (2013).
Despite some differences in the vows, the common denominator underlying these different approaches is ascetic renunciation of possession of any property or even any physical contact with valuables, except a plate, mug, two sets of clothing and medical appliances such as eyeglasses (Sannyasa Upanishad
, 1.4); there are many Sadhus who are so remote from the material life that they walk around stark naked, in a kind of absolute negation of norms accepted among those who are still bound to this world.
Segundo Singleton, a primeira ocorrencia do termo yoga aparece no Katha Upanishad
, aproximadamente no seculo III a.C.; e ele continua citando outras obras mais tardias onde vao aparecendo mencoes do yoga ou alguns de seus passos, como o Maitri Upanishad
, o Svetasvatara Upanishad
, o BhagavadGita, entre outras, todas obras que nao alcancam o periodo anterior ao seculo III a.C.
Zed, who is the President of Universal Society of Hinduism, stressed that ancient Hindu scripture Shvetashvatara Upanishad
told us that God dwelled in the hearts of all creatures: "He is this boy, he is that girl, he is this man, he is that woman, and he is this old man, too, tottering on his staff".
"It is the ear of the ear, the mind of the mind, the speech of the speech, the life of the life, the eye of the eye," the Kena Upanishad
He cites a well-known passage in the Brhadara nyaka Upanishad
which likens the ultimate attainment of freedom and fearlessness to the sensation a man feels in the embrace of his wife: so does a person, "when in the embrace of the intelligent soul, [know] nothing within or without ...
It was presented in the Upanishad
texts of India and has been used in the sacred chants of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and by the Zoroastrians.
Su vision espiritual se apoya sobre el Isa Upanishad
: "Todo esta penetrado por el divino Senor; goza de ello y renuncia a ello.
I found myself reflected everywhere in the whole Universe!" (Yeats, "Mandukya Upanishad
(Leon Herrera 1977: 41) Una vez mas encontramos a la no-violencia ligada a otras virtudes, especialmente su insistencia en la tradicion hindu a ligarla con la veracidad o la verdad (satya), como aparece en el Chandogya Upanishad
y el budismo, ademas de ligarla con la no-posesion como en el jainismo.
clearly states: ``What you think, you become.
Recognizing an opportunity, the counselor then respectfully requested permission of the mother to teach Vijay one of the meditation techniques described in an ancient text called the Svetasvatara Upanishad
(Nikhilananda , 1963).