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 (o͞o-păn′ə-shăd′, o͞o-pä′nĭ-shäd′)
Any of a group of philosophical treatises contributing to the theology of ancient Hinduism, elaborating on the earlier Vedas.

[Sanskrit upaniṣat, upaniṣad- : upa, under, near; see upo in Indo-European roots + ni, down + sīdati, sad-, he sits (probably from the fact that students would sit at their teacher's feet while listening to instruction); see sed- in Indo-European roots.]

U·pan′i·shad′ic adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(uːˈpʌnɪʃəd; -ˌʃæd; juː-)
(Hinduism) Hinduism any of a class of the Sanskrit sacred books probably composed between 400 and 200 bc and embodying the mystical and esoteric doctrines of ancient Hindu philosophy
[C19: from Sanskrit upanisad a sitting down near something, from upa near to + ni down + sīdati he sits]
Uˌpaniˈshadic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(uˈpæn ɪˌʃæd, uˈpɑ nɪˌʃɑd)

any of a class of Hindu treatises, usu. in dialogue form, composed between the 8th and 6th centuries b.c. and first written a.d. c1300.
[1800–10; < Skt upaniṣad]
U•pan`i•shad′ic, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Upanishad - a later sacred text of Hinduism of a mystical nature dealing with metaphysical questions; "the Vedanta philosophy developed from the pantheistic views of the Upanishads"
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References in periodicals archive ?
Among the texts are Epicurus' Letter to Menoeceus in the third century BC, the anonymous fifth-century Katha Upanishad: Death as a Teacher, Of a Particular Providence of a Future State (1739-40) by David Hume, Immortality Without Boredom (2009) by Lisa Bortolotti and Yugin Nagasawa, and Susan Wolf's The Significance of Doomsday (2013).
Despite some differences in the vows, the common denominator underlying these different approaches is ascetic renunciation of possession of any property or even any physical contact with valuables, except a plate, mug, two sets of clothing and medical appliances such as eyeglasses (Sannyasa Upanishad, 1.4); there are many Sadhus who are so remote from the material life that they walk around stark naked, in a kind of absolute negation of norms accepted among those who are still bound to this world.
Segundo Singleton, a primeira ocorrencia do termo yoga aparece no Katha Upanishad, aproximadamente no seculo III a.C.; e ele continua citando outras obras mais tardias onde vao aparecendo mencoes do yoga ou alguns de seus passos, como o Maitri Upanishad, o Svetasvatara Upanishad, o BhagavadGita, entre outras, todas obras que nao alcancam o periodo anterior ao seculo III a.C.
Zed, who is the President of Universal Society of Hinduism, stressed that ancient Hindu scripture Shvetashvatara Upanishad told us that God dwelled in the hearts of all creatures: "He is this boy, he is that girl, he is this man, he is that woman, and he is this old man, too, tottering on his staff".
He cites a well-known passage in the Brhadara nyaka Upanishad which likens the ultimate attainment of freedom and fearlessness to the sensation a man feels in the embrace of his wife: so does a person, "when in the embrace of the intelligent soul, [know] nothing within or without ...
It was presented in the Upanishad texts of India and has been used in the sacred chants of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and by the Zoroastrians.
I found myself reflected everywhere in the whole Universe!" (Yeats, "Mandukya Upanishad" 479-481).
The Upanishad clearly states: ``What you think, you become.
Recognizing an opportunity, the counselor then respectfully requested permission of the mother to teach Vijay one of the meditation techniques described in an ancient text called the Svetasvatara Upanishad (Nikhilananda , 1963).