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 (o͞o-păn′ə-shăd′, o͞o-pä′nĭ-shäd′)
Any of a group of philosophical treatises contributing to the theology of ancient Hinduism, elaborating on the earlier Vedas.

[Sanskrit upaniṣat, upaniṣad- : upa, under, near; see upo in Indo-European roots + ni, down + sīdati, sad-, he sits (probably from the fact that students would sit at their teacher's feet while listening to instruction); see sed- in Indo-European roots.]

U·pan′i·shad′ic adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(uːˈpʌnɪʃəd; -ˌʃæd; juː-)
(Hinduism) Hinduism any of a class of the Sanskrit sacred books probably composed between 400 and 200 bc and embodying the mystical and esoteric doctrines of ancient Hindu philosophy
[C19: from Sanskrit upanisad a sitting down near something, from upa near to + ni down + sīdati he sits]
Uˌpaniˈshadic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(uˈpæn ɪˌʃæd, uˈpɑ nɪˌʃɑd)

any of a class of Hindu treatises, usu. in dialogue form, composed between the 8th and 6th centuries b.c. and first written a.d. c1300.
[1800–10; < Skt upaniṣad]
U•pan`i•shad′ic, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Upanishad - a later sacred text of Hinduism of a mystical nature dealing with metaphysical questions; "the Vedanta philosophy developed from the pantheistic views of the Upanishads"
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References in periodicals archive ?
The foundation of religious pluralism in India could be the Upanishadic saying, " Ekam Sat Vipra Bahudha Vadanti" It means "That which exists is ONE; sages call it by various names." This philosophical foundation motivated the people of India not only to accept the religions that came to India from outside, but also to embrace and integrate them into its composite culture and civilization.
Upanishadic wisdom calls such an Awareness as ATMAN or BRAHMAN.
Rudolf ray (1891-1984) was not just a figure in the formative milieu of abstractionism in the artists' circles of Vienna in the 1920s but also someone who was immersed, all his life, in a deep spiritual practice that drew on Buddhist and Upanishadic readings.
This is analogous to the above mentioned scheme of Upanishadic instruction.
There is an Upanishadic mantra that goes like this:
The verse "La sostanza del Sole era la mia sostanza" strongly echoes the Upanishadic aphorism: "He who lives in man, He who lives in the sun, are one." (8) The distinction between the phenomenon of the Sun and the noumenon of its essence, put into poetry by D'Annunzio, is also in this Hindu prayer, from the Isa-Upanishad, in G Pauthier's Les Livres Sacres de l'Orient (1842), a book which D'Annunzio had in his personal library: "O Soleil!
Zoroastrianism, Greek philosophy, Hebrew prophecy, Christianity--Jesus Christ and Paul, Upanishadic thinkers, Gautama the Buddha, prophet Mohammed, Lao Tzu and Confucius; modern religion in the technological age (15th-20th centuries), and the current postmodern era.
How to integrate the Upanishadic truths in our daily life?
I contend that the central dialectic in Samskara is not between tradition and modernity but between two varieties of traditional thinking: namely, desire for the Good, identified with the Upanishadic concept of shreyas; and desire for the Pleasing, identified with the Upanishadic notion of preyas, represented by Praneshacharya and Naranappa, respectively (S.
In Upanishadic scheme of thought, there are two birds on the tree in every human form: one that enjoys (body) physically and suffers, and the other that observes and remains ecstatic in detachment from the 'forbidden fruit' of the tree.
But even if Joyce's relationship with India has been intangible at first, Joycean aesthetics in India and fragments of Eastern philosophy in his own work beg a fresh approach to this subject because the connection between India and Joyce is difficult to dismiss after looking at the Buddhist and Upanishadic philosophy one can find in Ulysses and Finnegans Wake.
It is more accurately described as an eternal bliss in a transcendent consciousness of the ultimate unity of all things, the spiritual realization of the upanishadic truth "That Thou Art," that atman is nothing other than Brahman.