The existing lexicostatistical research on the Uralic languages
rarely uses explicit Swadesh lists.
(Paper presented at Conference on the Syntax of Uralic Languages
, Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, 27-28 June 2017.) (http://www.nytud.hu/soul2017/absz/SOUL2017Klumpp.pdf) (Accessed 2017-11-05.)
Despite this bias, the geographical coverage is generally very satisfactory: in Section 1, not only all extant non-Asian branches of Indo-European, including Romani, but also Caucasian, Turkic and Uralic languages
are dealt with, thus reaching the shores of the Caspian Sea and the Ural Mountains and beyond; there are also chapters on Basque (isolate), Maltese (Semitic) and a very welcome treatment of the typology of several signed languages of Europe.
Only one journal, Linguistica Uralica, uses other languages because of its goal to reflect studies in Uralic languages
. In addition, the Academy publishes several series in Estonian in order to communicate with local society.
Among PIE loans are stems, that have equivalents in all Uralic languages
including Samoyed, but also stems which are found only in western languages or even only in Finnic (e.g.
Previous knowledge of Erzya or other Uralic languages
is not expected, and thus the article may also be of interest to general linguists.
In Daniel Abondolo (ed.), The Uralic languages
(Routledge Language Family Descriptions), 387-427.
Consonant gradation does not belong to Indo-European languages, nor all Uralic languages
. In addition to Finnish, a number of Baltic-Finnic languages, Lapp (Sami), and a couple of Samoyed languages employ it.
Although the Indo-European languages of Scandinavia are unrelated to the Uralic languages
that include Lapp, the Norse also knew the North Star as the "world nail" and imagined the world axis as a mythic cosmic ash tree.
Alinei (1996) adopts a similar approach for Indo-European arguing that there was never an Indo-European invasion and that Indo-European languages followed the same d iffusion pattern as the Uralic languages
, thus diverging sharply from the many solutions to the Indo-European homeland problem postulated in the literature (cf.
The speakers of Uralic languages
live in the most varied regions of northern Eurasia, from Scandinavia to the Yenisey, together with speakers of the Hungarian language, which is isolated in Central Europe.