uranium-235


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Related to uranium-235: Uranium-238, Plutonium-239

uranium-235

n.
The uranium isotope with mass number 235 and half-life 7.04 × 108 years, fissionable with slow neutrons and capable in a critical mass of sustaining a chain reaction that can proceed explosively with appropriate mechanical arrangements.

uranium-235

n
(Elements & Compounds) a uranium radioisotope that is used in nuclear fission
References in periodicals archive ?
Enrichment level for a bomb is 90 percent--meaning the ratio of uranium-238 to uranium-235 has switched from 993:7 to 1:7.
6, 1945, where "Little Boy", a 9,000-pound uranium-235 atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima.
In nature, uranium is found as uranium-238 (99.2739 to 99.2752%), uranium-235 (0.7198 to 0.7202%) and a very small amount of uranium-234 (0.0050 to 0.0059%).
Both light-water reactors and CANDUs breed a lot of their own fuel but it's not enough to replace the uranium-235 that is used up in the reaction; they are therefore classified as "burner" reactors.
Uranium-235 is the fission fuel being used in the UNIT system for the reason that it is fissionable with neutrons of about 2MeV.
This potential energy stored in an explosive material may be: Chemical energy, such as nitroglycerin or grain dust; Pressurized gas, such as a gas cylinder or aerosol can; Nuclear energy, such as in the fissile isotopes uranium-235 and plutonium-239.
Any of the forms of radiation given off by uranium-235 (the isotope used for energy generation) and its decay products, including uranium split in a nuclear reactor or in spent fuel, can rip through a cell and damage any component of that cell, including the DNA, carrier of the cell's genetic information.
Main interested parties know the uranium-235 isotope is a few years from depletion."
The main elements of the JPA are requirements that Iran freeze, in effect, its production of enriched uranium containing up to 5% uranium-235 during this period by converting the material to a uranium compound unsuitable for further enrichment; refrain from producing enriched uranium hexafluoride containing 20% uranium-235--the form of enriched uranium in Iran's stockpile that has caused the most concern; halt key elements of its heavy-water reactor and uranium enrichment facilities; and provide the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) with additional information about its nuclear program, as well as access to some nuclear-related facilities which are not covered by Iran's IAEA safeguards agreement.
"Little Boy" contained 64 kilograms of uranium-235. (11) The process to separate the uranium isotopes during World War II was accomplished through gaseous diffusion, an extensive process that required nearly one-seventh of the electrical power in the United States at the time.
The other 0.7 percent of mined uranium is uranium-235, which makes excellent fuel.
Nuclear energy is released by two physical processes: 'fission' (splitting) of certain 'fissile' heavy elements (uranium-235, plutonium-239) and 'fusion' (joining together) of certain light elements (hydrogen-2 or deuterium, hydrogen-3 or tritium, lithium-6.