The walls were continually expanded and modified until the reign of Pope Urban VIII
in the 1640s.
The basilica was consecrated by Pope Urban VIII
By that point, suspicions had also fallen on a secretary of Cardinal Antonio Barberini, nephew of the late Pope Urban VIII
. The new pope, Innocent X, an avowed enemy of the Barberini, urged zealous prosecution in the hopes of gaining revenge behind the quest for justice.
In 1623, when the family had been in the city for generations, Maffeo Barberini was elected as Pope Urban VIII
. He showered his favourite nephew Francesco with job titles and sent him across Europe on diplomatic missions.
Like the supposed "consensus" of the "overwhelming majority of climate scientists" today (which actually isn't true), these lofty academics know what the absolute truth is about climate change - just like Pope Urban VIII
knew what the absolute truth was about the nature of the universe and our solar system.
They range from the "demotion" of Pluto to the back-story on Galileo and his fate at the hands of Pope Urban VIII
. Equally important to whatever element of science is under scrutiny are the connections the authors make to what they call the "big questions" of Christian faith.
This paper looks at how her deeds, especially her military actions, were evaluated in the papal milieu not in Matilda's own times but centuries later in the 1630's-1640's when Pope Urban VIII
decided to honor her mortal remains with a funerary monument in the most venerated sanctuary of the Church on whose behalf she had fought, St.
Gian Lorenzo Bernini made his fortune working for the Church, but had fallen out of favour when a new Pope, Innocent X, ascended to the Papal throne and wished to be rid of the more secular excesses of his predecessor, Pope Urban VIII
. A more mature Bernini was thus commissioned in 1652 to create a statue for the Church of Santa Maria della Vittoria.
shows Pope Urban VIII
(reign 1623-1644) to have been somewhat skeptical about the possibility of human science ever deciphering how the universe worked.
of Leiden, The Netherlands) develops an understanding of the visual arts in the papal courts of Urban VIII
and Alexander VII.
Sonnets 73-107 are strictly laudatory, complimenting princes and cardinals of famous families such as the Barberini, Borghese, Ludovisi, Orsini, Montaldo, Aldobrandini, Capponi, etc., including three popes, Urban VIII
as well as his two predecessors, Paul V, and Gregory XV, next to the rulers of Tuscany, Urbino and Philip III of Spain.