petroleum

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pe·tro·le·um

 (pə-trō′lē-əm)
n.
A thick, flammable, yellow-to-black mixture of gaseous, liquid, and solid hydrocarbons that occurs naturally beneath the earth's surface, can be separated into fractions including natural gas, gasoline, naphtha, kerosene, fuel and lubricating oils, paraffin wax, and asphalt and is used as raw material for a wide variety of derivative products.

[Middle English, from Medieval Latin petrōleum : Latin petra, rock; see petrous + Latin ōleum, oil; see oil.]

petroleum

(pəˈtrəʊlɪəm)
n
(Elements & Compounds) a dark-coloured thick flammable crude oil occurring in sedimentary rocks around the Persian Gulf, in parts of North and South America, and below the North Sea, consisting mainly of hydrocarbons. Fractional distillation separates the crude oil into petrol, paraffin, diesel oil, lubricating oil, etc. Fuel oil, paraffin wax, asphalt, and carbon black are extracted from the residue
[C16: from Medieval Latin, from Latin petra stone + oleum oil]

pe•tro•le•um

(pəˈtroʊ li əm)

n.
an oily, thick, flammable, usu. dark-colored liquid that is a form of bitumen or a mixture of various hydrocarbons, occurring naturally and commonly obtained by drilling: used as fuel, or separated by distillation into gasoline, naphtha, benzene, kerosene, paraffin, etc.
[1520–30; < Medieval Latin: literally, rock oil = Latin petr(a) rock (< Greek pétra) + oleum oil]
pe•tro′le•ous, adj.

pe·tro·le·um

(pə-trō′lē-əm)
A thick, black to yellow, flammable liquid mixture of hydrocarbons. Petroleum occurs naturally, mainly below the Earth's surface, and is believed to originate from the accumulated remains of ancient plants and animals. It is the source of petrochemicals and is used to make gasoline, lubricating oils, plastics, and many other products.

petroleum

Mineral oil composed of hydrocarbons formed in the Earth’s crust.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.petroleum - a dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbonspetroleum - a dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbons
atomic number 6, carbon, C - an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds
fossil fuel - fuel consisting of the remains of organisms preserved in rocks in the earth's crust with high carbon and hydrogen content
oil - a slippery or viscous liquid or liquefiable substance not miscible with water
resid, residual oil - oil products that remain after petroleum has been distilled
Translations
نفطنَفْط، بِتْرول
petroli
ropanafta
råolie
maaöljyraakaöljy
nafta
kõolaj
jarî-/hráolía
petroleum
nafta
ropa
nafta
petroleum

petroleum

[pɪˈtrəʊlɪəm]
A. Npetróleo m
B. CPD petroleum jelly Nvaselina f
petroleum products NPLderivados mpl del petróleo

petroleum

[pəˈtrəʊliəm] npétrole mpetroleum jelly nVaseline® fpetrol gauge n [car] → jauge f d'essence

petroleum

nPetroleum nt

petroleum

:
petroleum ether
nPetroläther m
petroleum jelly
nVaselin nt, → Vaseline f
petroleum refinery

petroleum

[pɪˈtrəʊlɪəm] npetrolio

petrol

(ˈpetrəl) noun
(American gas or gasoline) a liquid got from petroleum, used as fuel for motor cars etc. I'll stop at the next garage and buy more petrol; (also adjective) a petrol engine.
petroleum (pəˈtrəuliəm) noun
oil in its raw, unrefined form, which is found in natural wells below the earth's surface and from which petrol, paraffin etc are obtained.
petroleum jelly
a soft substance got from petroleum, used eg in ointments.
petrol pump (American gasoline pump)
an apparatus at a petrol station which pumps petrol into cars etc, and which measures the amount of petrol it pumps.
petrol station (especially American filling stationor informally gas station)
a garage where petrol is sold.

petroleum

n petróleo; — jelly vaselina, petrolato
References in periodicals archive ?
Over six years or so, the company has collected 60 tons of used oil, from which its partner company Meroco makes a biofuel component for diesel.
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provide funding for activities that reduce the amount of illegally disposed oil, recycle used oil/used oil filters, and reclaim used oil.
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Heritage-Crystal Clean (NasdaqGS:HCCI), a provider of parts cleaning, used oil re-refining, and hazardous and non-hazardous waste services to small and mid-sized customers in the manufacturing and vehicle service sectors, said on Monday that it intends to offer to sell 3,100,000 shares of its common stock.
Heartland's assets acquired in the acquisition include used oil collection and re-refining operations primarily located in Columbus, Ohio including 21 trucks and five service locations covering used oil collections and related services in OH, KY, WV and PA.
More than 400 families from various backgrounds have participated in the initiative's oil collection campaigns and donated their used oil, Refaat said.
A settlement has been reached between the EPA and the Alaska Gold Company (Alaska Gold), for alleged mismanagement of hazardous waste and used oil at two of their mining facilities near Nome, Alaska.
Most vendors fry edibles in used oil and do not change it despite using it for many days.
The department's solid waste inspection and compliance unit inspected the facility in September 2005 and April 2008 and documented alleged solid waste and used oil violations including the disposal of used oil on land, allowing release of used oil to the environment by utilizing damaged or failing containers and tanks, failure to utilize secondary containment systems, and failure to take appropriate actions in response to a release of used oil to the land.