Former Croatian Culture Minster and historian Zlatko Hasanbegovic called the legislation "cowardly and underhanded" and said it aimed to "prevent access to archives and silence research." While the government in Zagreb denies the law will harm freedom of research, over 80,000 files, including those about the fascist Ustashe
movement will be closed to the public.
Nationalism and Terror: Ante Pavelic and Ustashe
Terrorism from Fascism to the Cold War
Tried at "People's Courts" as "Ustashe
and denouncer" and executed on the mountain Mosor, 26 May 1943.
Perkovic, whose fans give Nazi salutes at his concerts, is a supporter of the Croat Ustashe
- the Nazi allies who during the war massacred Serbs Jews and gypsies, forced conversion of Orthodox Serbs to Catholicism at the point of a gun and whose emblems and slogans are tolerated in today's Croatia - a full member of the European Union.
Stepinac initially supported the pro-Nazi Croatian Ustashe
government during the Second World War, which was used against him in justifying his arrest, even if he had subsequently redemeed himself through his efforts to rescue Jews and Serbs from extermination, through which he could become a well-publicized Catholic martyr in the "Iron Curtain" countries.
Aarons notes that in the political climate of the Cold War and in the context of attempts to suppress domestic dissidence (including banning the Australian Communist Party), leading Australian politicians "warmly welcomed these anti-Communist refugees and actively took up their causes." (55) Members of organizations such as the Croatian Ustashe
, known to have been involved in some of the worst atrocities of the Second World War, were readily accommodated.
the Catholic Church features the large mural behind the altar showing the suffering of the Croat People, with portraits of a World War II Ustashe
militiaman, Ranko Boban, hanging nearby.
In another example - the Croatian state (annexed territories of Bosnia, Herzegovina, Slovenia and part of Serbia) was established in 1941 after the invasion of Yugoslavia by the Axis powers and controlled by dictator Ante Pavelic head of Nazi Ustashe
movement with blessings of the Roman Church.
Of the 39,500 Jews in the pre-war population, 15,000 were murdered by the Ustashe
, and another 8,000 were sent to Nazi concentration camps in Germany.
Falsified reports of Serbs being slaughtered by Islamic fundamentalists and Croatian fascists (Ustashe
) were the norm, as were false reports about Western conspiracies against the Serb nation (BBC, 1993; "Poison from Pale," 1997).
Memories of the WWII period and of Ustashe
were also recalled in the public speeches or football fan songs at stadiums.
They are notorious for wearing the uniform of the Nazis' puppet Ustashe
regime that ran Croatia during World War II.