First by Nazi allies Croatian Ustashi
in 1941, then again by Croatian soldiers in 1995.
Most heinous were the actions of the Ukrainian Ustashi
who raped and dismembered women before cutting out their tongues and eyeballs (Black, 2001).
Anton Pavelic and the Ustashi
: a brief history of the Croatian Nationalist Movement.
(3.) Magris has written to his translators: 'The story that I had inside me, and that has appeared, albeit briefly, in other books, is the incredible story of Goli Otok, that beautiful and terrible island in the Northern Adriatic where, following the Second World War, Tito set up a horrendous gulag mainly for the Ustashi
and for Yugoslavian Fascists in general and, after 1948, for Stalinists as well, since he had fallen out with Stalin.
In a more sophisticated scholarly work, the use of precise Serbo-Croatian letters such as "c' and "z" would be expected, and some of Batty's statements should be questioned, such as the assertion that Mihailovic had studied Hitler's Mein Kampf or that the "Communists and Ustashi
" were natural allies (48, 39).
During the Nazi occupation, the Croatian Ustashi
killed many Serbians and Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) who lived in and around Brcko.
In 1945, the government, however, killed many Chetniks and Ustashi
as they fled with the retreating German armies.
It is everywhere known how at least three of our bishops were murdered by the Ustashi
, as were also about a million Serbs, including hundreds of priests, many of whom were exiled with hundreds of thousands of other Serbs, from their parishes, their homes, and their native land.
Pius but weakly challenged the murderous antisemitism of the Croatian Ustashi
at a time, late 1941 and early 1942, when a strong condemnation from the Vatican might have stemmed the bloodletting and served notice to the Germans that their own escalating violence against the Jews would be opposed.
A group of fascist terrorists known as Ustashi
allied itself with Italian Premier Benito Mussolini and also worked with Germany's Adolf Hitler.