I'll confess that I've long held the view that 'utopian socialism' merely served as a foil for Marx and Engels, and that throughout their writings, especially in such texts as the Manifesto and Socialism: Utopian and Scientific, they mostly disparaged and set themselves apart from anything related to the utopian socialists
. Well, I couldn't have been more wrong.
The book also demonstrates that MenckenAEs rapier wit was not limited to traditional Christians, detailing his criticisms of utopian socialists
and modernist theologians.
What do white supremacists and black nationalists, abolitionists and Confederates, utopian socialists
and crafty frontiersmen, embattled Indian tribes and mandarin globalist intellectuals have in common?
His first chapter is on the "utopian socialists
"--Saint-Simon, Fourier, Owen.
The term 'communism', of course, has many different meanings and connotations - the determinate negation of capitalism; the state control of the economy; the visions of the nineteenth-century utopian socialists
; the state capitalism of the current Chinese Communist Party; or, as Marx wrote, 'the positive expression of the abolition of private property' (p.139).
The long and bloody history of the last century should have left no doubt that the twin engines of free-enterprise capitalism and political liberty drive human progress far beyond the dreams of utopian socialists
. But reminders of who and what lies beneath this nation's peace and prosperity are important.
Noting accurately enough that Marx said far more about capitalism than about socialism, he makes little of the fact that Marx dubbed himself "communist," in part to distinguish himself from "utopian socialists
" he believed devoted too much attention to theorizing about precise political structures of the future.
Given Marx's own hostility towards the utopian socialists
, it may well seem like an admission of defeat for a Marxist theorist to be acknowledging that the utopian is the best hope for praxis.
Abstract: For utopian socialists
the capitalist state's protection and promotion of property rights is the source of entrenched injustice that alienates individuals from their fundamentally moral nature.
Influenced by utopian socialists
, Saint-Simonians, Fourierists, nonetheless she followed her own path.
His first chapter is on early utopian socialists
, and then he discusses the rise of anarchism and socialism in the latter half of the nineteenth century and early twentieth century, showing a special affection for the Socialist Party of Eugene V.
Important questions are avoided throughout the book, from Hahnel's opening account of 'liberating theory' as an alternative to historical materialism in the absence of any serious summary of Marx's theory of history, through to the listing of his own heroes in the final chapter, where Sidney and Beatrice Webb are bracketed with William Morris as 'utopian socialists