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1. Anthropology Of or relating to residence with a wife's kin group or clan.
2. Zoology Of or relating to the tendency of males to leave their natal group and reside in or mate with females of a different group: groups of monkeys that are matrilocal.

mat′ri·lo·cal′i·ty (-kăl′ĭ-tē) n.
mat′ri·lo′cal·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


the state or custom of residing with the family or tribe of the wife, as in certain primitive societies. Cf. patrilocality. — matrilocal, adj.
See also: Anthropology
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Following the 1600s, however, as increasing numbers of settlers from China's nearby provinces of Fujian and Guangdong came to settle on Taiwan's western plains, the change in population was accompanied by changes in marriage practices as Chinese preferred virilocal (property and family name passed from father to son) over uxorilocal marriage, although the latter form did not cease completely.
The widespread local custom of uxorilocal marriage (husband takes up residence in his father-in-law's house, and agrees that his sons will bear his father-in-law's surname) and cross-surname adoption (son is adopted outside the lineage, and thus acquires a different surname) enabled genealogists to plausibly explain changes of surname.
For aborigines, despite the advantageous contacts with Han, it meant the loss of women to Han communities; in the case of uxorilocal marriage it brought in men who would train their sons in Confucian ideas or resinify them as Chinese presence increased.
In this book-length study, however, the author elaborates on topics only touched on briefly in the article (e.g., escalation in the size of dowries, the spreading of foot-binding, and attitudes toward remarriage), and adds considerable depth by exploring topics such as uxorilocal marriages, the bearing and raising of children, and women's contributions to the economy, particularly in terms of textile production.