China has launched a series of "Strike Hard" campaigns against Uyghurs
, who, the government says, have fought in Afghanistan and Syria, and the use of political re-education is Beijing's latest attempt to root out "extremism" in the country.
A Chinese demand for the extradition of 11 Uyghurs
from Malaysia puts the spotlight on China's roll-out of one of the world's most intrusive surveillance systems, military moves to prevent Uyghur
foreign fighters from returning to Xinjiang, and initial steps to export its security approach to countries like Pakistan.
The Chinese side fears that the Chinese Uyghurs
, who are fighting along with terrorists [in the Middle East], can cross into China through Afghanistan and become a headache for the Chinese authorities," an unnamed source said to Fergana News Agency.
At the same time, hundreds of Turkic Uyghurs
were flooding into Syria from China, vowing to take its separatist ambitions against China global.
The clampdown is part of the "Three Illegals and One Item" campaign targeting what the Chinese government considers "illegal" religious items owned by mostly Muslim Uyghurs
The Chinese government perceives Uyghur
Muslims as a national threat, which has long repressed them "in the name of countering terrorism," and has ordered the deportation of Uyghurs
from several countries over the past years, according to a Human Rights Watch (HRW) report.
Many of the authors are of Hui origin, and the editors regret that there are no Uyghurs
among them, though there are chapters on the Uyghurs
As of the present day, Uyghurs
live primarily in the Xinjiang Uyghur
Autonomous Region in China, where they are one of 55 officially recognised ethnic minorities.
There is no single Uyghur
agenda, and grievances of Uyghurs
against the Chinese government are mostly political in nature.
Founded under the name of Xinjiang Uyghur
Autonomous Region (XUAR), the new regime assured the cultural, social and political rights of Uyghurs
and other minorities living in the area.
And it is not the Turks who go to the Uyghur
restaurants in Turkey but rather the Uyghurs
, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, Mongolians and Chinese who live in Turkey that dine there.
are a Muslim Turkish ethnic group in Eastern and Central Asia; they live primarily in the Xinjiang Uyghur
Autonomous Region in China, where they are recognized as one of the country's 56 ethnic minorities.