Vaisya

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Related to Vaisyas: Vaishyas, Sudras

Vais·ya

 (vī′shə, vīsh′yə)
n.
A member of the second-lowest of the four major castes of traditional Indian society, comprising farmers, herders, merchants, and businessmen.
adj.
Of or relating to the class of Vaisyas.

[Sanskrit vaiśyaḥ, settler, homesteader, from viśaḥ, house; see weik- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Vaisya

(ˈvaɪsjə; ˈvaɪʃjə)
n
(Hinduism) the third of the four main Hindu castes, the traders
[C18: from Sanskrit, literally: settler, from viś settlement]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

Vais•ya

(ˈvaɪs yə, ˈvaɪʃ-)

n., pl. -yas.
a member of the Hindu mercantile and professional class, above the Shudras and below the Kshatriyas. Compare Brahman (def. 1).
[1785–95; < Skt vaiśya]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Vaisya - a member of the mercantile and professional Hindu caste; the third of the four main castes
vaisya - the third of the four varnas: the commoners or yeoman farmers or mercantile and professional category
Hindoo, Hindu, Hindustani - a native or inhabitant of Hindustan or India
2.vaisya - the third of the four varnas: the commoners or yeoman farmers or mercantile and professional category
varna - (Hinduism) the name for the original social division of Vedic people into four groups (which are subdivided into thousands of jatis)
Vaisya - a member of the mercantile and professional Hindu caste; the third of the four main castes
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
(32) Gaurana offers four elaborate gadya passages for the precise visualization of the matrkas of brahmans, ksatriyas, vaisyas, and sudras respectively.
According to the Vedas, a social order emerged at creation from the body of Purusha, or primitive man: Brahmins from his head; Ksyatriyas from his arms; Vaisyas from his thighs; and Shudras from his feet.
Brahmins mean priests and teachers, Kshatriyas mean warriors and rulers, Vaisyas mean traders, Shudras mean servant, and Chandalas which are the lowest of the Shudrasin caste hierarchy.
(43) Of the four castes, three were created from the conquering race at that time: Brahmins (priesthood), Kshatriyas (warriors and nobility), and Vaisyas (herdsmen initially, later included farmers, traders and artisans).
The first was over whether low-caste Karavas were in fact ksatriyas and therefore of higher caste than the high-caste Goyigamas, who were vaisyas. Blackburn argues that certain anonymous writings defending the Goyigama position (that they were higher than the Karavas) were in fact written by Hikkaduve, who was himself a Goyigama.
Consequently, the duty to preserve the sacred word falls upon them, as lies the duty to teach Veda and its ancillary sciences" (Lingat 31).Besides this, the duty of the Brahmins was to teach other classes (Varnas)--the warrior class (Ksatriyas), the merchant class (Vaisyas), and the working class (Sudras) their duties.
The four distinct Varnas or castes that are mutually exclusive, hereditary, endogamous, and occupation-specific are the Brahmins (priests), Kshatriyas (warriors), Vaisyas (traders & merchants), and Sudras (those engaged in menial jobs).