valerian

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Va·le·ri·an

 (və-lîr′ē-ən) Originally Publius Licinius Valerianus. Died c. ad 260.
Emperor of Rome (253-260) who, as coruler with his son Gallienus (c. 218-268), confronted invasions by the Goths and Persians. He was captured and killed by Persian forces (260).

va·le·ri·an

 (və-lîr′ē-ən)
n.
1. Any of several plants of the family Valerianaceae, especially Valeriana officinalis, native to Eurasia and widely cultivated for its small, fragrant, white to pink or lavender flowers and for use in medicine.
2. The dried rhizomes of Valeriana officinalis, used medicinally as a sedative.

[Middle English, from Old French valeriane, from Medieval Latin valeriāna, probably from feminine of Latin Valeriānus, of Valeria, Roman province where the plant originated.]

valerian

(vəˈlɛərɪən)
n
1. (Plants) Also called: allheal any of various Eurasian valerianaceous plants of the genus Valeriana, esp V. officinalis, having small white or pinkish flowers and a medicinal root
2. (Pharmacology) a sedative drug made from the dried roots of V. officinalis
[C14: via Old French from Medieval Latin valeriana (herba) (herb) of Valerius, unexplained Latin personal name]

Valerian

(vəˈlɛərɪən)
n
(Biography) Latin name Publius Licinius Valerianus. died 260 ad, Roman emperor (253–260): renewed persecution of the Christians; defeated by the Persians

va•le•ri•an

(vəˈlɪər i ən)

n.
1. any plant of the genus Valeriana, as the common valerian V. officinalis, having white, lavender, or pink flowers and a root that is used medicinally.
2. a drug consisting of or made from the root, formerly used as a nerve sedative and antispasmodic.
[1350–1400; Middle English valirian < Medieval Latin valeriāna]

Va•le•ri•an

(vəˈlɪər i ən)

n.
(Publius Licinius Valerianus), died A.D. c260, Roman emperor 253–60.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.valerian - a plant of the genus Valeriana having lobed or dissected leaves and cymose white or pink flowersvalerian - a plant of the genus Valeriana having lobed or dissected leaves and cymose white or pink flowers
flower - a plant cultivated for its blooms or blossoms
genus Valeriana, Valeriana - genus of widely distributed perennial herbs and some shrubs
common valerian, garden heliotrope, Valeriana officinalis - tall rhizomatous plant having very fragrant flowers and rhizomes used medicinally
Translations
BaldrianBaldrianwurzel
길초근넓은잎쥐오줌풀발레리안서양쥐오줌풀쥐오줌풀
kozłek

valerian

[vəˈlɪərɪən] Nvaleriana f

valerian

nBaldrian m

valerian

[vəˈlɛərɪən] nvaleriana

valerian

n (bot) valeriana
References in periodicals archive ?
The community herbal monograph from October 2006 on Valerianae radix lists a wide range of preparations, covering extracts prepared with ethanol/water (ethanol max.
The Valerianae radix is often used as a milder alternative or a possible substitute for the stronger synthetic sedatives in the treatment of states of nervous excitation and anxiety-induced sleep disturbances [4].