Valsalva maneuver

Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

Val·sal·va maneuver

 (văl-săl′və, väl-säl′vä)
1. Expiratory effort when the mouth is closed and the nostrils are pinched shut, which forces air into the eustachian tubes and increases pressure on the inside of the eardrum.
2. Expiratory effort against a closed glottis, which increases pressure within the thoracic cavity, causing decreased venous return of blood to the heart and a transient drop in blood pressure.

[After Antonio Maria Valsalva (1666-1723), Italian anatomist.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Val•sal′va maneu`ver

(vælˈsæl və)
an attempt to expel air against a closed glottis or closed lips and nostrils, used for adjusting pressure in the middle ear.
[after Antonio M. Valsalva (1666–1723), Italian anatomist who devised it]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
In childhood, bronchial asthma, vomiting and Valsalva maneuver are responsible for collection of free air in various anatomical regions.
Neurologic complications of situps associated with the Valsalva maneuver: 2 case reports.
Different methods have been suggested to optimize intraoperative hemostasis, including the Valsalva maneuver, which may display latent bleeding vessels by increasing the venous pressure.
This pathology refers to a congenital fusiform dilatation of the internal jugular vein that appears as a soft and compressible mass in the neck.1 It becomes visible on straining and may be triggered by valsalva maneuver. 2 It is a congenital malformation and is usually encountered in childhood.
Both are performed in conjunction with a Valsalva maneuver, in which the patient blows into a small tube with resistance, "much like trying to blow up a balloon that is hard to blow up," Thompson says.
Most people can clear their ears by pinching their nose and "blowing" (called the Valsalva maneuver) or by chewing gum, swallowing or yawning.
NEW ORLEANS -- A simple postural modification of the standard Valsalva maneuver is now the clearcut evidence-based first-line treatment for supraventricular tachycardia, according to Jeet Mehta, MD, a resident in the combined medicine/pediatrics program at the University of Kansas, Wichita.
A comparative study of HRV during Valsalva maneuver in healthy, hypertensive and hypertensive diabetic subjects.
In another recent investigation, we evaluated the potential influence of breath holding on vessel density measurements using a standardized and extreme form of breath holding, the Valsalva maneuver. (36) Breath holding and the Valsalva maneuver do influence retinal perfusion.
In the evaluation of TPPs obtained after the Valsalva maneuver, there was no statistically significant change for the contralateral side of the deviation (p=0.12), whereas a significant change was observed in the side of deviation (p<0.05) (Table 2).
Those who after conservative measures cannot successfully insufflate with a gentle Valsalva maneuver, preferably after Politzer insufflation, may be considered appropriate candidates for balloon eustachian tuboplasty.
In Valsalva maneuver, closing the nose and mouth while blowing air directs the air to the ETs and is supposed to help the ETs open.