Vatican Council(redirected from Vatican Councils)
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Either of two ecumenical councils of the Roman Catholic Church, the First Vatican Council (1869-1870) and the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965), convoked by Pius IX and John XXIII, respectively. The First is noted for its affirmation of papal infallibility, and the Second resulted in the revision of most of the liturgy, the replacement of Latin with vernacular languages in rites, and more open relationships with non-Catholic denominations.
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|Noun||1.||Vatican Council - each of two councils of the Roman Catholic Church|
council - (Christianity) an assembly of theologians and bishops and other representatives of different churches or dioceses that is convened to regulate matters of discipline or doctrine
First Vatican Council, Vatican I - the Vatican Council in 1869-1870 that proclaimed the infallibility of the pope when speaking ex cathedra