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A country of northern South America on the Caribbean Sea. Inhabited by a variety of Arawakan and other peoples, the region was visited by Columbus in 1498 and colonized by Spain beginning in the 1520s, eventually becoming part of the viceroyalty of New Granada. Venezuela won independence in 1821 in federation with Colombia and Ecuador and broke away to form a separate country in 1830. Caracas is the capital and the largest city.
Ven′e·zue′lan adj. & n.
1. (Placename) a republic in South America, on the Caribbean: colonized by the Spanish in the 16th century; independence from Spain declared in 1811 and won in 1819 after a war led by Simón Bolívar. It contains Lake Maracaibo and the northernmost chains of the Andes in the northwest, the Orinoco basin in the central part, and the Guiana Highlands in the south. Exports: petroleum, iron ore, and coffee. Official language: Spanish. Religion: Roman Catholic majority. Currency: bolívar. Capital: Caracas. Pop: 28 459 085 (2013 est). Area: 912 050 sq km (352 142 sq miles). Official name: Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
2. (Placename) Gulf of Venezuela an inlet of the Caribbean in NW Venezuela: continues south as Lake Maracaibo
Ven•e•zue•la(ˌvɛn əˈzweɪ lə, -ˈzwi-)
1. a republic in N South America. 23,203,466; 352,143 sq. mi. (912,050 sq. km). Cap.: Caracas.
2. Gulf of, a gulf on the NW coast of Venezuela.
Ven`e•zue′lan, adj., n.
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|Noun||1.||Venezuela - a republic in northern South America on the Caribbean; achieved independence from Spain in 1811; rich in oil|
OAS, Organization of American States - an association including most countries in the western hemisphere; created in 1948 to promote military and economic and social and cultural cooperation
OPEC, Organization of Petroleum-Exporting Countries - an organization of countries formed in 1961 to agree on a common policy for the production and sale of petroleum
Ciudad Bolivar - a port in eastern Venezuela on the Orinoco river
Cumana - a port city in northeastern Venezuela on the Caribbean Sea; founded in 1523, it is the oldest European settlement in South America
Maracaibo - a port city in northwestern Venezuela; a major oil center
Maracay - a city in north central Venezuela; cattle center
Valencia - an industrial city in northern Venezuela
Arauca - a river that rises in northern Colombia and flows generally eastward to the Orinoco in central Venezuela
South America - a continent in the western hemisphere connected to North America by the Isthmus of Panama
Venezuelan - a native or inhabitant of Venezuela
Venezuela[ˌveneˈzweɪlə] N → Venezuela f
Venezuela[ˌvɛnɪˈzweɪlə] n → Venezuela m
n → Venezuela nt