They faced crisis after crisis, from the Vietnamisation
of the War to the sudden withdrawal of American troops in 1973 (along with a precipitous decline in aid), to the oil crisis, to rampant inflation.
As President Richard Nixon grasped the fig leaf of 'Vietnamisation
' to pursue a phased withdrawal and an elusive 'peace with honor', the Australian government followed suit.
Soon after 1979, some scholars reported the 'Vietnamisation
' of the Cambodian population in ways that provoked fear and outrage amongst their readers, including Cambodians in the Thailand-Cambodia border refugee camps and in communities already repatriated to France, Australia, and North America.
The long-standing American cabinet minister, Robert Reich says that the austerity narrative is dangerous nonsense - a "sort of the Vietnamisation
of the economy - [that] you're saving the economy by killing it" - a reference to the nutty American general who talked about destroying Vietnamese villages to save them.
Arjun Appadurai makes this point clear when he acutely observes, "For people of Irian Jaya, Indonesianisation may be more worrisome than Americanisation, as Japanisation may be for Koreans, Indianisation for Sri Lankans, Vietnamisation
for Cambodians, Russianisation for the people of Soviet Armenia and the Baltic Republics" (Appadurai 1996, 32).
The United States went through a major exercise in "Vietnamisation
" in the early 1970s, and the last American combat troops left South Vietnam in 1973.
In Vietnam it was called Vietnamisation
, the building of Vietnam capacity, so that when the Americans withdrew the burden of confronting the Viet Cong, the Taleban of the time, would be borne by the South Vietnamese regime and army.
, in contrast, began too late to affect the outcome of the Vietnam war.
President Richard Nixon dreamed up a plan of "Vietnamisation
" in the early Seventies to hand as much of the war as possible to the South Vietnamese forces and regime and bring home American GIs from what had become a devastatingly unpopular war.
They ended up alternating between expanding the war by, for example, intensifying the bombing campaign and by bringing about the slow withdrawal of American troops under the aegis of 'Vietnamisation
US forces began their 'Vietnamisation
' policy, handing more control of the Vietnam War over to local soldiers.