View of frankpledge

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Related to View of frankpledge: court leets
(Law) a court of record, held in a hundred, lordship, or manor, before the steward of the leet.

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Diffuse denotes the different institutions and organizations that had part of this fragmented authority: lordship (manor court and view of frankpledge); parochial institutions and officers (churchwardens, sidesmen, and their delegated officers); and the "trust," which consisted of the feoffees and the two bridgemasters.
(24) All these officers surface into view intermittently as the court rolls and view of frankpledge for the six-teenth and seventeenth centuries survive only sporadically, but enough information is obtainable to make some assessment of the occupants of the offices.
For four years in mid-century (1559, 1560, 1564, and 1565) court rolls survive for the view of frankpledge, enumerating all those serving as the homage, jurors, or officers.
The court rolls for the manorial court, court baron and view of frankpledge from the turn of the century convey more significantly the continuing impact of lordship.
Other officers reported to the view of frankpledge. Two affeerors assessed the fines for the town, while another two acted for the outlying hamlets, members of the manor (Woodthorpe and Knighthorpe).
Finally, but the most demanding in terms of numbers, was service on the inquisiciones, as jurors of the view of frankpledge. The inquisicio magna, for Loughborough, most often comprised eighteen men.
First, the members of the trust for some time dominated the inquisition--the jury of presentment--of the view of frankpledge. Second, by and large the members of the group, the feoffees, avoided the lower offices of the manorial jurisdiction.
From the material available, it is difficult to discern whether harmony or friction obtained in the various relationships: lordship (manor and view of frankpledge) and parish, rural and urban elements, and between social groups within parish and town.
The court rolls from these sessions contain an amazing amount of information about tenants and other inhabitants of the local community Some of the bigger manors were also allowed to hold a 'Court Leet' or 'View of Frankpledge' which enabled the lord to punish a range of minor offences not connected with the customs of the manor.
It was for reasons of control, as well as income, that a growing number of lords usurped the holding of these courts, the franchise of view of frankpledge, during the course of the thirteenth century.(56) One result was to bring new procedures into private courts, adding considerably to their effectiveness.(57) There was, moreover, a growing difficulty in containing crime within the increasingly mobile society of thirteenth-century England, a fact which brought increasing numbers of subjects into contact with royal justice.
(56) That the governments of Henry III and Edward I were much concerned about the exercise of franchises without warrant does not in itself prove widespread recent usurpation of view of frankpledge. However, the anxiety shown in the articles of the eyre over withdrawal of suit from public courts and the evidence of the jurors in the Hundred Rolls of 1274-5 points strongly in that direction.