vigil

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vig·il

 (vĭj′əl)
n.
1.
a. A watch kept during normal sleeping hours.
b. The act or a period of observing; surveillance.
2. The eve of a religious festival observed by staying awake as a devotional exercise.
3. often vigils Ritual devotions observed on the eve of a holy day.
4. A public assembly convened, often at night, as a political protest or in support of a cause.

[Middle English vigile, a devotional watching, from Old French, from Latin vigilia, wakefulness, watch, from vigil, awake; see weg- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

vigil

(ˈvɪdʒɪl)
n
1. a purposeful watch maintained, esp at night, to guard, observe, pray, etc
2. the period of such a watch
3. (Ecclesiastical Terms) RC Church Church of England the eve of certain major festivals, formerly observed as a night spent in prayer: often marked by fasting and abstinence and a special Mass and divine office
4. (Pathology) a period of sleeplessness; insomnia
[C13: from Old French vigile, from Medieval Latin vigilia watch preceding a religious festival, from Latin: vigilance, from vigil alert, from vigēre to be lively]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

vig•il

(ˈvɪdʒ əl)

n.
1. wakefulness maintained for any reason during the normal hours for sleeping.
2. a period of watchful attention.
3.
a. Sometimes, vigils. a nocturnal devotional exercise or service, esp. on the eve of a church festival.
b. the eve or day and night before a church festival, esp. an eve that is a fast.
[1200–50; Middle English vigil(i)e < Medieval Latin vigilia eve of a holy day, Latin: watchfulness =vigil sentry + -ia -y3]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.vigil - a period of sleeplessness
wakefulness - a periodic state during which you are conscious and aware of the world; "consciousness during wakefulness in a sane person is pretty well ordered and familiar"
2.vigil - the rite of staying awake for devotional purposes (especially on the eve of a religious festival)vigil - the rite of staying awake for devotional purposes (especially on the eve of a religious festival)
religious rite, rite - an established ceremony prescribed by a religion; "the rite of baptism"
viewing, wake - a vigil held over a corpse the night before burial; "there's no weeping at an Irish wake"
agrypnia - a vigil before certain feasts (as e.g. Easter)
faith, religion, religious belief - a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny; "he lost his faith but not his morality"
3.vigil - a purposeful surveillance to guard or observevigil - a purposeful surveillance to guard or observe
surveillance - close observation of a person or group (usually by the police)
continuous receiver watch, listening watch - a watch established for the reception of traffic of interest to the unit maintaining the watch
spying - keeping a secret or furtive watch
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

vigil

noun
The act of carefully watching:
Idiom: watch and ward.
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
aatto
bdijenjebdjenje

vigil

[ˈvɪdʒɪl] Nvigilia f, vela f
to keep vigil (over sth/sb)velar (algo/a algn)
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

vigil

[ˈvɪdʒɪl] nveille f
to hold a vigil → manifester en silence
to keep vigil → veiller
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

vigil

n
(Nacht)wache f; to keep vigil over somebodybei jdm wachen; the dog kept vigil over his injured masterder Hund hielt bei seinem verletzten Herrn Wache; her long vigils at his bedsideihr langes Wachen an seinem Krankenbett
(Rel) → Vigil f, → Nachtwache f
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

vigil

[ˈvɪdʒɪl] nveglia
to keep vigil → vegliare
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

vig·il

n. vigilia.
1. estado de respuesta consciente a un estímulo;
2. insomnio.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Uo[beaucoup moins que]Il a invitUu[c] les journalistes Uu Uuo"tre des acteurs Uu[c]minents de la vie institutionnelle, des vigiles de la moralitUu[c] publique, des gardiens des valeurs de la RUu[c]publique et des Uu[c]veilleurs de conscience dont la mission doit concerner tous les enjeux qui engagent le dUu[c]veloppement et le devenir de notre paysUo[beaucoup plus grand que], a poursuivi Kaouane avant de rappeler les efforts consentis par lae1/4aoAlgUu[c]rie pour soutenir directement et indirectement la presse nationale et lae1/4aoaccompagner dans son essor dans les moments les plus difficiles.
Later, in Ancient Rome, Ceasar Augustus revolutionized firefighting by calling for the creation of a fire guard, called the Vigiles, that was trained, paid, and equipped by the state.
21), ja na segunda metade do seculo XV, os testamentos e baladas esparsas de Villon foram imitados por diversas composicoes burlescas do final do seculo XV e inicio do seculo XVI, como Les repues franches de maistre Francois Villon et de ses compagnons, a Vie et trepassement de Caillette, a Legende de maistre Pierre Faifeu, Les motz dorez du grand et sage Caton, Le testament de Pathelin e Les vigiles Triburet.
(42) Paul Kenneth Baillie Reynolds, The Vigiles of Imperial Rome (London: Oxford University Press, 1926).
Cuando se crea el miedo a que te esten vigilando, eso hace que te vigiles a ti mismo.
S'assurer que les vigiles citoyennes et professionnelles rapporteront aux autorites seules les situations d'enfants reellement preoccupantes, mais aussi toutes ces situations, constitue une cible d'action non negligeable afin d'assurer la protection et le developpement d'un groupe de population vulnerable: les enfants.
Readers interested in the maintenance of public order in Rome, the existence of a state quasi-police force and the famous vigiles, fire brigades, and other social and urban servants, and the management of the notorious spectacle entertainments of the imperial period will find much to glean from Bingham's pages.