vihuela

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vi·hue·la

 (vē-wā′lə)
n.
A guitarlike instrument of the Spanish Renaissance having ten to twelve strings, tuned like a lute.

[Spanish, from Old Spanish, viol, vihuela, ultimately from Old Provençal viola, viol; see viola1.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

vihuela

(Spanish biˈwela)
n
(Instruments) an obsolete plucked stringed instrument of Spain, related to the guitar
[from Spanish]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
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References in periodicals archive ?
Their short reign of forty years began in 1536 with the publication of Milan's Libro de musica de vihuela de mano, intitulado El Maestro [Book of Vihuela Music, Entitled the Master], dedicated to his patron, King John III of Portugal.
Ward, The vihuela de mano and its music (1536-1576) (PhD diss., New York U., 1953).
Griffiths, 'At court and at home with the vihuela de mano: current perspectives on the instrument, its music and its world', Journal of the Lute Society of America, xxii (1989), pp.1-27.
Ward, The vihuela de mano and its music (PhD diss., New York U., 1953), p.283, states that 'Santa Maria's recognition of the consonancia as a chord to be reckoned from the bass, both in his writing and in the illustrative musical examples, is far more clearly expressed than similar ideas tentatively voiced in other 16th-century treatises'.