Vilna


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Vil·ni·us

 (vĭl′nē-əs) or Vil·na (-nə)
The capital and largest city of Lithuania, in the southeast part of the country. Founded in 1323, Vilnius developed into a center of Jewish learning in the 1700s and 1800s. The city was occupied by Soviet troops in 1939, becoming the capital of the Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic in 1940. After a period of occupation by Germany (1941-1944) during which most of the city's Jewish community was exterminated, Vilnius reverted to Soviet rule, eventually becoming the capital of independent Lithuania (1991).
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Vilna - the capital and largest city of LithuaniaVilna - the capital and largest city of Lithuania; located in southeastern Lithuania
Lietuva, Lithuania, Republic of Lithuania - a republic in northeastern Europe on the Baltic Sea
References in classic literature ?
The Emperor of Russia had, meanwhile, been in Vilna for more than a month.
The longer the Emperor remained in Vilna the less did everybody- tired of waiting- prepare for the war.
Count Bennigsen, being a landowner in the Vilna province, offered his country house for the fete, and the thirteenth of June was fixed for a ball, dinner, regatta, and fireworks at Zakret, Count Bennigsen's country seat.
Countess Bezukhova was present among other Russian ladies who had followed the sovereign from Petersburg to Vilna and eclipsed the refined Polish ladies by her massive, so called Russian type of beauty.
He was meeting Helene in Vilna after not having seen her for a long time and did not recall the past, but as Helene was enjoying the favors of a very important personage and Boris had only recently married, they met as good friends of long standing.
Marija was an orphan, and had worked since childhood for a rich farmer of Vilna, who beat her regularly.
The real /Master/ to whom all is permitted storms Toulon, makes a massacre in Paris, /forgets/ an army in Egypt, /wastes/ half a million men in the Moscow expedition and gets off with a jest at Vilna. And altars are set up to him after his death, and so /all/ is permitted.
Among their topics are hidden polemic: Josephus' work in the historical writings of Jacques Basnage and Menahem Amelander, the "Maskil Hero:" the image of Josephus in the worldview of the Jewish Enlightenment, dismantling orientalist fantasies and Protestant hegemony: German Jewish exegetes and their retrieval of Josephus the Jew, taking Josephus personally: the curious case of Emanuel Bin Gorio, and reading and interpreting Flavius Josephus in the Vilna and Warsaw Ghettos 1941-43.
Clara Rockmore (nee Reisenberg) was born in Vilna in 1911 into a middle-class Jewish family.
Vildstein managed an orphans' home in Lithuania's Vilna Ghetto during the Holocaust.
Vilnius authorities are considering giving a Soviet-era school building in central Vilnius, built where the Great Synagogue of Vilna used to be, to artists and later demolish the building.
In 1941, as part of program to loot Jewish museums and institutions, the Nazis raided YIVO, which is now based in New York but then was headquartered in Vilna. A group of Jewish slave laborers called the "Paper Brigade" smuggled some books, papers and artwork into the Vilna ghetto -- risking their lives in the process.