encephalitis

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en·ceph·a·li·tis

 (ĕn-sĕf′ə-lī′tĭs)
n.
Inflammation of the brain.

en·ceph′a·lit′ic (-lĭt′ĭk) adj.

encephalitis

(ˌɛnsɛfəˈlaɪtɪs; ˌɛnkɛf-)
n
(Pathology) inflammation of the brain
Also called: cephalitis
encephalitic adj

en•ceph•a•li•tis

(ɛnˌsɛf əˈlaɪ tɪs)

n.
1. inflammation of the substance of the brain.
[1835–45]
en•ceph`a•lit′ic (-ˈlɪt ɪk) adj.

en·ceph·a·li·tis

(ĕn-sĕf′ə-lī′tĭs)
Inflammation of the brain, usually caused by infection with a virus.

encephalitis

an inflamed condition of the brain.
See also: Brain

encephalitis

An infection of the brain with severe symptoms, caused by a virus.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.encephalitis - inflammation of the brain usually caused by a virusencephalitis - inflammation of the brain usually caused by a virus; symptoms include headache and neck pain and drowsiness and nausea and fever (`phrenitis' is no longer in scientific use)
inflammation, redness, rubor - a response of body tissues to injury or irritation; characterized by pain and swelling and redness and heat
acute hemorrhagic encephalitis - encephalitis that resembles apoplexy due to blood extravasation
equine encephalitis, equine encephalomyelitis - encephalitis caused by a virus that is transmitted by a mosquito from an infected horse
acute inclusion body encephalitis, herpes encephalitis, herpes simplex encephalitis - common form of acute encephalitis caused by herpes simplex 1; usually affects the temporal and frontal lobes
leukoencephalitis - inflammation of the white matter of the brain
cerebromeningitis, encephalomeningitis, meningoencephalitis - inflammation of the brain and spinal cord and their meninges
panencephalitis - diffuse inflammation of the entire brain
encephalitis lethargica, epidemic encephalitis, lethargic encephalitis, sleeping sickness, sleepy sickness - an encephalitis that was epidemic between 1915 and 1926; symptoms include paralysis of the extrinsic eye muscle and extreme muscular weakness
West Nile encephalitis - encephalitis caused by the West Nile virus; can be fatal in humans and horses and birds
Translations
encefalitida
EnzephalitisGehirnentzündung
heilabólga

encephalitis

[ˌensefəˈlaɪtɪs] Nencefalitis f

encephalitis

nGehirnentzündung f

encephalitis

[ˌɛnsɛfəˈlaɪtɪs] nencefalite f

en·ceph·a·li·tis

n. encefalitis, infl. del encéfalo;
acute hemorrhagic ______ aguda hemorrágica;
acute necrotizing ______ aguda necrotizante;
bacterial ______ bacteriana;
epidemic ______ epidémica;
experimental allergic ______ experimental alérgica;
herpes ______ herpética;
lethargic ______ letárgica;
neonatorum ______ del recién nacido;
purulent ______ purulenta;
pyogenic ______ piogénica;
suppurative ______ supurativa.

encephalitis

n encefalitis f; eastern equine — encefalitis equina del este, encefalitis equina oriental (Esp); Venezuelan equine — encefalitis equina venezolana
References in periodicals archive ?
All had a febrile illness followed by mild GI symptoms, then altered mental status pointing to a presumptive diagnosis of viral encephalitis. About half of the patients had the unusual finding of very diffuse muscle weakness, to the point of paralysis, including a need for ventilatory support.
Emily had viral encephalitis as an infant and is now diagnosed with mixed quadriplegia, cerebral palsy, cortical visual impairment, a severe seizure disorder, chronic lung disease, and scoliosis.
Surveillance criteria included all patients hospitalized for viral encephalitis, meningoencephalitis, or GBS and patients aged [greater than or equal to]17 years with aseptic meningitis.
In 66 samples from people with viral encephalitis, stroke, brain hemorrhages, and other non-TSE neurological disorders, the test showed 14-3-3 in only a few cases.
The signs and symptoms of PAM can be mistaken for other more common neuroinfections, such as bacterial meningitis and viral encephalitis (1,4).
Regarding the outcome according to aetiology (Table 2), out of 7 children admitted with viral encephalitis, 2 expired.
The basic problem with this approach is the assumption that all such outbreaks are due to viral encephalitis, caused by either JE or another virus.
The success of August, in 1983, coincided with Rossner contracting viral encephalitis. This destroyed her short-term memory, stopping her writing for six years.
West Nile viral encephalitis. Rev Sci Tech OlE 2000;19:166-76.
As with any viral encephalitis, treatment consists entirely of supportive care.
Schacter and his colleagues then attemptedjob training with one of his four latest subjects--a woman with viral encephalitis. The job was a rather complicated process, involving transferring business information from a card onto an eight-column display; the woman had to learn to identify multidigit numbers and such terms as "Doc.