Viscount St. Albans


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Noun1.Viscount St. Albans - English statesman and philosopherViscount St. Albans - English statesman and philosopher; precursor of British empiricism; advocated inductive reasoning (1561-1626)
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Retribution overtook him in 1621, within a few days after his elevation to the dignity of Viscount St. Albans. The House of Commons, balked in an attack on the King and the Duke of Buckingham, suddenly turned on Bacon and impeached him for having received bribes in connection with his legal decisions as Lord Chancellor.
He was appointed lord chancellor and Baron Verulam in 1618; in 1620/21 he was created Viscount St. Albans. Between 1608 and 1620 he prepared at least 12 drafts of his most celebrated work, the Novum Organum, in which he presented his scientific method; he developed his Instauratio Magna, a plan to reorganize the sciences; and he wrote several minor philosophical works.
He was created Baron Verulam (1618) and Viscount St. Albans in 1621, the same year in which he was removed from office for accepting a bribe from a litigant.