Morocco was indeed the point of entry of Arabs to Spain and Portugal when, in 719, the Moslems-with a significant Berber contingent-conquered Toledo, capital of what had been the Visigothic kingdom
of Hispania (itself a previous part of the Roman empire), and transformed it into an important outpost of Islam collectively known as al-Andalous (the origin of Andalusia).
This demonstrates the effects of chaos on the Visigothic kingdom
and supports the Umayyad promotion of order as essential to civilization (Safran 129).
10) Imagining the reconquista and the expulsion of Conversos and Moriscos as the means to reinstitute the Christian order of the medieval Visigothic kingdom
, those plays often conflate Gothic and Castilian identities.
Fernandez Morera provides an array of historical facts and insightful arguments that demonstrate how the influence went in the other direction: it was the Romanized Visigothic kingdom
, defeated and obliterated by Islamic invaders, which furnished the inspiration and the elements of the cultural achievements of the latter--including both the materials and the key architectural features of the fiimous mosque in Cordoba.
This paradox, initiated with the Muslim invasion of the Iberian Peninsula in 711, endorsed their subsequent dominance over the former Christian Visigothic kingdom
Such perspective, in our opinion, was kept alive even in the Late Antiquity, being observed in the Hispanic Visigothic kingdom
of Toledo in the late sixth century and during the entire seventh century.
King, Law and Society in the Visigothic Kingdom
(Cambridge, 1972), 238-40.
An ancient tradition, however, holds that it had been carved by two angels and given to King Alfonso as a sign of the importance of his mission to recover the territory lost from the Arabs and reestablish the Visigothic kingdom