vitalism

(redirected from Vitalism (philosophy))
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.

vi·tal·ism

 (vīt′l-ĭz′əm)
n.
The theory or doctrine that life processes arise from or contain a nonmaterial vital principle and cannot be explained entirely as physical and chemical phenomena.

vi′tal·ist adj. & n.
vi′tal·is′tic adj.

vitalism

(ˈvaɪtəˌlɪzəm)
n
(Philosophy) the philosophical doctrine that the phenomena of life cannot be explained in purely mechanical terms because there is something immaterial which distinguishes living from inanimate matter. Compare dynamism, mechanism
ˈvitalist n, adj
ˌvitalˈistic adj

vi•tal•ism

(ˈvaɪt lˌɪz əm)
n.
1. the doctrine that phenomena are only partly controlled by mechanical forces, and are in some measure self-determining. Compare dynamism (def. 1), mechanism (def. 6).
2. Biol. a doctrine that attributes the viability of a living organism to a vital principle distinct from the physical and chemical processes of life.
[1815–25]
vi′tal•ist, n., adj.
vi`tal•is′tic, adj.
vi`tal•is′ti•cal•ly, adv.

vitalism

1. Philosophy. the doctrine that phenomena are only partly controlled by mechanistic forces and are in some measure self-determining.
2. Biology. the doctrine that the life in living organisms is caused and sustained by a vital principle that is distinct from all physical and chemical forces. Cf. mechanism. — vitalist, n. — vitalistic, adj.
See also: Life
1. the doctrine that phenomena are only partly controlled by mechanical forces and are in some measure self-determining. Cf. mechanism, organicism.
2. the doctrine that ascribes the functions of a living organism to a vital principle (as élan vital) distinct from physical or chemical forces. Cf. dynamism.vitalist, n., adj.vitalistic, adj.
See also: Philosophy
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.vitalism - (philosophy) a doctrine that life is a vital principle distinct from physics and chemistry
philosophy - the rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics
philosophical doctrine, philosophical theory - a doctrine accepted by adherents to a philosophy
Translations