[6.] Maranz S, Kpikpi W, Weisman Z, Sauveur AD and B Chapagain Nutritional values and indigenous preferences for shea fruits (Vitellaria paradoxa
CF Gaertn.) in African Agroforestry parklands.
Indigenous to Africa, Vitellaria paradoxa
, better known as the shea or shi tree, is a member of the Sapotaceae family.
Salihu, "AnAntibacterial activities of 2-O-butyl1-O-(2'-ethylhexyl) benzene-1,8-dicarboxylate and 1-phenyl-1,4-pentanedione isolated from Vitellaria paradoxa
root bark," Asian Journal of Scientific Research, vol.
Also, the collection and sale of shea nuts (Vitellaria paradoxa
), dawadawa (Parkia clappertoniana), fuel wood, and wild fruits have become major livelihood options, especially in the lean season in savanna regions in Africa while small-scale mining, harvest of timber for logging and crafts, and fruit gathering are some forest livelihood activities that have been intensifying over the years [12, 22].
Lovett PN (2003) The impact of certification on the sustainable use of shea butter (Vitellaria paradoxa
) in Ghana.
Maranz and Wiesman  reported that important variability in Vitellaria paradoxa
fruit and seed sizes in relation to climate gradient was found throughout the entire sub-Saharan Africa zone located at the northern part of the equator.
Extracts from common fruit trees like Carica papaya (paw paw), Citrus aurantifolia (lime), Citrus paradise (grape fruit), Psidium guajava (guava), Anarcadium occidentale (cashew), Mangifera indica (mango), Dennettia tripetala (pepper fruit), Dacryodes edulis (butter fruit), Vitellaria paradoxa
(shea butter) and Dalium guineense (velvet tamarind) serve a plethora of medicinal functions [52, 53].
Shea butter, also known as Vitellaria paradoxa
among scientists, is a fruit tree of economic importance.
Summary: Shea butter is defined as the edible fat that is extracted from the shea kernels or shea nuts of Vitellaria paradoxa
, commonly known as the shea tree.
[10.] Maranz S, Kpikpi W, Wiesman Z, Sauveur AD and B Chapagain Nutritional values and indigenous preferences for shea fruits (Vitellaria paradoxa
In Burkina Faso, like in many other places, women's groups were organised and supported in a bid to promote export of shea (vitellaria paradoxa
) butter (1) as a way for women--and the country--to benefit economically (Elias and Saussey 2013).