(11) In 1919, the Indo-European Association (Indo-Europeesch Verbond, IEV) was founded to represent their interests in the recently established colonial parliament or Volksraad
: generally this association sided with the most reactionary political forces in the Indies.
die Uitlanders as volg op: "(1) Die tydperk wat 'n vreemdeling in die Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek moet inwoon voordat hy volle stemreg kan kry, is langer as in die ander state van Suid-Afrika; (2) Die Uitlanders het geen verteenwoordiging in die Eerste Volksraad
nie; (3) Naturalisasie en die verkryging van volle stemreg in die Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek vind nie gelyktydig plaas nie; (4) Die eed van naturalisasie van die Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek bevat ook die afswering van vroeare onderdaanskap." Gebaseer op hierdie lys besware het Milner, volgens Jacobs "met die onmoontlike eis vorendag gekom dat volle stemreg gegee moes word aan alle vreemdelinge wat vyf jaar of langer in die land woonagtig was en aan die gewone voorwaardes voldoen het."
However, the more modest principles of the pre-war Indonesian demand of 'Indonesia berparlemen' (Indonesian political representation), which had also been advocated by Kritiek en Opbouw, were acceptable, although in practice Karsten may have seen this as a modification of the cautious pre-war experiment in the representation of diverse colonial interests, the Volksraad
, the People's Council, introduced in 1918.
The ascent of Falkirk, a Group 2-winning son of Tale Of The Cat, is a tonic for his owner, Windsor Park Stud in New Zealand, as in December the operation lost its multiple domestic champion sire Volksraad
A Commission of the Volksraad
declared that it would be better "if they [poor whites] moved back to the land in order to obtain a better means of livelihood and where their children are not exposed to the many temptations of the town." (38) Official discomfort with a mass of dislocated whites congregating in towns would be a recurring refrain, until at least the 1930s, in discourses about white poverty, the "rescue" of poor whites, urban planning and hygiene.
Ratu Langie (1890-1949), a Volksraad
member from a prominent Minahasan family; the Batak Protestant convert (from Islam) Amir Sjarifoeddin (1907-48), a conflicted and even tragic man executed for his role in the Madiun revolt; and the aristocratic Javanese Albertus Soegijapranata, S.J.
At Grootfontein, Jordaan, in 1884, founded the Republic of Upingtonia, distributed farms to his burghers, drew up a constitution, had a Volksraad
election, and became the first president.
and, of course, we had the President's speech soon after and I have never read such a mass of diabolical lies in all my life; he accuses Great Britain of the misuse of the white flag and red cross and told the poor, innocent, gullible members of the Volksraad
that England was determined from the very first to annihilate the two Republics; he also says it was never the intention of the Federals [i.e.
Born near Greytown, Natal (September 27, 1862); he received little formal education but took part in the formation of the New Republic around Vryheid (1884) and settled there; field cornet of Vryheid (1894) and elected to the Volksraad
(parliament) of Transvaal (1898); a political moderate, he abstained from the vote for war with Britain (October 1899); swiftly demonstrated his abilities as a commander and rose to second in command to Gen.
All were wives of members of the colonial advisory council, the Volksraad
. (18) The creation of the ASIB reflected the idealism still evident within the European colonial elite in the face of the relentless growth of urban poverty.
In a 1917 conference in Semarang for instance, the two clashed head-on over the colonial administration's intention to recruit Chinese to the Volksraad
(legislative council) without giving them any law-making power, yet making military service compulsory.
Others include Cape Cross, who hit the heights thanks to Sea The Stars and Ouija Board, Oasis Dream, whose eight Group 1 winners include Aqlaam and Arcano, and leading New Zealand stallion Volksraad