The talk wandered on, a monologue on Mary's part, that centered always on Bert Wanhope
I argue rather that the girdle need not be "a simple memento" (Arthur 109) but may be a complex one: the court is right to reverse Gawain's meaning insofar as it indicates wanhope
(permanent despair); the girdle at once stands for failure and hope.
Hahs uses a synthetic dialect that he calls Rheinskotisch ('Rheno-Scots') to translate, among others, Sydney Goodsir Smith's 'In Time of Deepest Wanhope
When yai er bathe samen broght For nouther sal we so fer falle Intil wanhope
maste synne of alie Yat we ne sal trayste to haue blysse These represent, in order, Speculum Vitae, lines 1857 to 1862, 2333 to 2337, 2368 to 2372, and 1821 to 1825, respectively.
Preceded by so greet an emprise for to undertake to doan (X.691), which puns "Greek" and emphasizes "unto" as to un and to oon, and entered by the pairs wanhope
(692) and fals hope (719) followed by the mercy of God (692) and turne to God (718), the structure holds seven (not "deadly," but "lively") synnes that we have emphasized by an underline: the synne that (693) and the synne that (718); This horrible synne is (695) and is lyk (714); alle synnes tha- (696) and that is the yate of alle (713); this synne (696) and that is (713); Soothly he that (695) and thise two synnes as seith (711); a synful man that (700) and seith Salomon (709); and thow comest into thy (702) and three instances of come: that first cometh (708), this synne comth (706), and Thanne cometh (705).
Ashmole 61, have been regarded as an antidote to "wanhope
"--that is, despair, regarded as a subspecies of accidia and the final stage of a thoroughly sinful life (68)--is surely most probable.
dreding also in his imagination yet Julius wold of presumptious pride usurp by tyranny to take [...] the lordship and the dominacion of Rome [...] And in this [way] entred in the Snake of wanhope
and of discord, which cause everiche to suspect other.
To wit, it may be that the fate of our profession still lies in our own power of decision--to want hope more than wanhope
, to love health more than despair.