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1. A religious rite considered a sacrament by most Christian groups, marked by the symbolic application of water to the head or immersion of the body into water and resulting in admission of the recipient into the community of Christians.
2. A ceremony in certain religious or nonreligious traditions in which one is initiated, purified, or given a name.
3. An initiatory experience, act, or effort: "two brilliant young graduate students whose work for this committee amounted to a baptism in defense policy" (James Carroll).

[Middle English baptisme, from Old French, from Late Latin baptismus, from Greek baptismos, from baptizein, to baptize; see baptize.]

bap·tis′mal adj.
bap·tis′mal·ly adv.


1. (Ecclesiastical Terms) a Christian religious rite consisting of immersion in or sprinkling with water as a sign that the subject is cleansed from sin and constituted as a member of the Church
2. (Ecclesiastical Terms) the act of baptizing or of undergoing baptism
3. (Ecclesiastical Terms) any similar experience of initiation, regeneration, or dedication
bapˈtismal adj
bapˈtismally adv


(ˈbæp tɪz əm)

1. a ceremonial immersion in water, or application of water, as an initiatory rite or sacrament of the Christian church.
2. any similar ceremony or action of initiation, dedication, etc.
[1250–1300; Middle English bapteme < Old French < Late Latin baptisma < Greek bapt(ízein) (see baptize) + -isma -ism]
bap•tis′mal, adj.
bap•tis′mal•ly, adv.


a member of a 16th-century Anabaptist sect who refused to learn to read, arguing that the guidance of the Holy Spirit was sufficient for the understanding of the Bible.
1. a belief in adult, as opposed to infant baptism.
2. membership in various Protestant sects advocating adult baptism. — Anabaptist, n., adj.
the denial, on scriptural grounds, of the validity of infant baptism. — antipedobaptist, antipaedobaptist, n.
an interest in collecting Christian baptismal names.
an opponent of baptism.
Christian baptism administered when there is doubt whether a person has already been baptized or whether a former baptism is valid.
the practice of ancient Jewish and early Christian sects involving daily ceremonial baptisms or ablutions. — hemerobaptist, n.
a belief in baptism by immersion. Also called immersionism. — holobaptist, n.
a belief that baptism effects a new birth or regeneration. Also palingenesy. — palingenesist, n. — palingenesian, adj.
a baptism that is in some way irregular or unauthorized. — parabaptist, n.
the historic Christian practice of infant baptism. — pedobaptist, paedobaptist, n.
a member of a sect of Anabaptists founded in Germany in 1534 by Ubbe Phillips.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.baptism - a Christian sacrament signifying spiritual cleansing and rebirthbaptism - a Christian sacrament signifying spiritual cleansing and rebirth; "most churches baptize infants but some insist on adult baptism"
sacrament - a formal religious ceremony conferring a specific grace on those who receive it; the two Protestant ceremonies are baptism and the Lord's Supper; in the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church there are seven traditional rites accepted as instituted by Jesus: baptism and confirmation and Holy Eucharist and penance and holy orders and matrimony and extreme unction
affusion - the act of baptizing someone by pouring water on their head
aspersion, sprinkling - the act of sprinkling water in baptism (rare)
christening - giving a Christian name at baptism
immersion - a form of baptism in which part or all of a person's body is submerged


1. (Christianity) christening, naming, sprinkling, purification, immersion We are at a site of baptism, a place of worship.
عمّاد، معموديه، عُمّاد، مَعْموجيّه


[ˈbæptɪzəm] N (in general) → bautismo m; (= ceremony) → bautizo m
baptism of firebautismo m de fuego


[ˈbæptɪzəm] n (RELIGION)baptême m


nTaufe f; baptism of fire (fig)Feuertaufe f


[ˈbæptɪzm] nbattesimo



(bӕpˈtaiz) verb
to dip (a person) in water, or sprinkle (someone) with water, as a symbol of acceptance into the Christian church, usually also giving him a name. She was baptized Mary but calls herself Jane.
ˈbaptism (-tizəm) noun
(an act of) baptizing. the baptism of the baby.
bapˈtismal adjective
References in periodicals archive ?
About 10 pages of appendices provide statistics and data on spirit baptism, water baptism, and conversion, from various church organizations.
Postliberal accounts of water baptism seek to describe how baptismal initiation regulates Christian identity by conferring Christian difference upon the initiate.
Nor do they disparage the rich symbolism of water baptism. Only, they explain that water baptism is not necessary for salvation and church membership.
This contrasts with James Dunn's position that both Spirit and Water baptism are necessary for Christian conversion and thus a Christian must have experienced both, which he suggests often occurs concurrently with one another.
Baptists tend to connect the idea of being baptized in the Spirit with the act of baptism, often assuming that the Spirit baptism precedes the water baptism. The baptism with water is the public expression of the experience of the Spirit baptism.
Second, Barth's own construction of baptism is troubling because he distinctly separates Spirit baptism from water baptism. With the help of Calvin, this essay demonstrates that such a bifurcation of baptism is inconsistent with the ecumenical Christological formula crafted at the council of Chalcedon.
The worship will be based on central tenets (including water baptism) as taught by the Bible and William Branham.
So would that mean that Christian baptism has nothing to do with water baptism? Also, is one to understand that Jesus's disciples, some of whom were John's disciples before they became Jesus' disciples, were all rebaptized by Jesus in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit?
Instead, Luke attributes the work of salvation (including healing and exorcism) to Jesus with no association of Spirit-reception to water baptism, faith, forgiveness, or sanctification.
observatory three-dimensional modeling makes water baptism possible
He also criticized black pentecostalism for its emphasis on the Holy Spirit and its failure to embrace the primacy of water baptism after conversion.
The third chapter is involved with reinterpretation and expanding the boundaries of Spirit baptism by treating the themes of regeneration, water baptism and empowerment.