From the close of the year 1811 intensified arming and concentrating of the forces of Western Europe
began, and in 1812 these forces- millions of men, reckoning those transporting and feeding the army- moved from the west eastwards to the Russian frontier, toward which since 1811 Russian forces had been similarly drawn.
In England, as well as in the rest of Western Europe, Latin long continued to be the language of religious and learned writing--down to the sixteenth century or even later.
The use of French continued in the upper strata of society, in the few children's schools that existed, and in the law courts, for something like three centuries, maintaining itself so long partly because French was then the polite language of Western Europe. But the dead pressure of English was increasingly strong, and by the end of the fourteenth century and of Chaucer's life French had chiefly given way to it even at Court.
One of the most striking general facts in the later Middle Ages is the uniformity of life in many of its aspects throughout all Western Europe.
In a truer sense, perhaps, than at any later time, Western Europe was one great brotherhood, thinking much the same thoughts, speaking in part the same speech, and actuated by the same beliefs.
WHILE Caedmon sang his English lays and Bede wrote his Latin books, Northumbria had grown into a center, not only of English learning, but of learning for western Europe
. The abbots of Jarrow and Wearmouth made journeys to Rome and brought back with them precious MSS.
In the several successive palaeozoic formations of Russia, Western Europe
and North America, a similar parallelism in the forms of life has been observed by several authors: so it is, according to Lyell, with the several European and North American tertiary deposits.
I glanced down at the flimsy blackened pages whose very handwriting seemed cabalistic, incomprehensible to the experience of Western Europe
In Russia and the Orient the monarch has still a considerable influence in public affairs and in the disposition of the human head, but in western Europe
political administration is mostly entrusted to his ministers, he being somewhat preoccupied with reflections relating to the status of his own head.
The level and quality of the average education had risen tremendously; and at the dawn of the twentieth century comparatively few people in Western Europe
or America were unable to read or write.
It was a gentleman of western Europe
, and probably one who had never worked for his living.
The Band-lu, however, did not have the bow and arrow, and in this respect they differ from their extinct progenitors, or descendants, of Western Europe