To some extent, it is best thought of in this era as an unstable compound comprising a range of contradictory elements, including utilitarianism, Whiggism
, evangelicalism, and so on.
(38.) De Quincey, "A Tory's Account of Toryism, Whiggism
Interestingly, Country Whiggism
reemerged in a strictly American context in arguments against ratifying the Constitution, which suggests a certain quality of populism to the Anti-Federalists.
To imagine a necessary 'Progress', a straight hodden gray line from Ramsay's populist and improving Proverbs to Burns' radical song is to re-inscribe an Enlightenment Whiggism
that has been rightly debunked.
Priestcraft and the Birth of Whiggism
. In: SKINNER, Quentin; PHILLIPSON, Nicholas (Org.).
(2.) Hereafter, the quotations from De Quincey's essay "A Tory's Account of Torism, Whiggism
, and Radicalism" collected in volume 8 of The Works of Thomas De Quincey are marked by the volume number and the page number; his essay "The Opium and the China Question" in volume 11 is quoted with page number alone.
more hostile to property than radical Whiggism
was a tangible prospect.
The triumph of Whiggism
, in his view, meant not only more cakes and ale but also a more stable, less violent political order.
To these categories of translation--direct, secondary/intermediated, and intralingual--we can add other ways that Finch used translation to reimport Jacobite and feminist "source" cultures into the dominant domestic, British "target" cultures of patriarchy and Whiggism
. Finch, as did other writers, used forms, value systems, or tropes that originated in texts from other languages but became naturalized in English texts and indeed known by writers and readers only or mainly in reference to those English texts.
Pilgrim's Progress, for Masson, marked the authentic emergence of the novel, while the period that followed was "an age of Whiggism
and Toryism," a more cynical, cerebral era "in which one had done with The sublimities,' and winked when they were talked of' (76).
One might call it presentism, or Whiggism
, or teleology, but none of these is quite right.
On the other hand, it would help to shift the emphasis from two diametrically opposed positions sustaining either his Whiggism
(Hughes) or his staunch Toryism (Canfield), both equally convincing, depending on the play considered, to a different kind of politics, that borrows elements from both positions: an essentially syncretic discourse that extols libertinism and mocks puritan morality while, at the same time, containing their opposites: the disappearance or rather the extenuation of libertinism and a measured promotion of marriage.