naphtha

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naph·tha

 (năf′thə, năp′-)
n.
1. Any of several highly volatile, flammable liquid mixtures of hydrocarbons distilled from petroleum, coal tar, and natural gas and used as fuel, as solvents, and in making various chemicals. Also called benzine, ligroin, petroleum ether, white gasoline.
2. Obsolete Petroleum.

[Latin, from Greek, liquid bitumen, of Semitic origin; see npṭ in Semitic roots.]

naph′thous adj.

naphtha

(ˈnæfθə; ˈnæp-)
n
1. (Elements & Compounds) a distillation product from coal tar boiling in the approximate range 80–170°C and containing aromatic hydrocarbons
2. (Elements & Compounds) a distillation product from petroleum boiling in the approximate range 100–200°C and containing aliphatic hydrocarbons: used as a solvent and in petrol
3. (Elements & Compounds) an obsolete name for petroleum
[C16: via Latin from Greek, of Iranian origin; related to Persian neft naphtha]

naph•tha

(ˈnæf θə, ˈnæp-)

n.
1. a colorless, volatile petroleum distillate, usu. an intermediate product between gasoline and benzine, used as a solvent and as a fuel.
2. any of various similar liquids distilled from other products.
[1565–75; < Latin < Greek náphthas, perhaps < Iranian *nafta, derivative of *nab- to be damp]
naph′thous, adj.

naph·tha

(năf′thə)
Any of several products made by refining petroleum or by breaking down coal tar. Naphtha is usually flammable, and is used as a solvent and as an ingredient in gasoline. It is also used to make plastics.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.naphtha - any of various volatile flammable liquid hydrocarbon mixtures; used chiefly as solvents
hydrocarbon - an organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen
dissolvent, dissolver, dissolving agent, resolvent, solvent - a liquid substance capable of dissolving other substances; "the solvent does not change its state in forming a solution"
Translations

naphtha

[ˈnæfθə] Nnafta f

naphtha

nNaphtha nt or f

naphtha

[ˈnæfθə] nnafta
References in periodicals archive ?
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