2005: Phylogeographic footprints of the Strait of Gibraltar and Quaternary climatic fluctuations in the western Mediterranean: a case study with the greater white-toothed shrew
Crocidura russula (Mammalia: Soricidae).
The bicolored white-toothed shrew
(Crocidura leucodon) has been proposed as a reservoir species for BoDV-1 (2-5).
He added: "The greater white-toothed shrew
is an important prey item for barn owls in parts of Europe."
The greater white-toothed shrew
(Crocidura russula) is monogamous (Cantoni and Vogel 1989) with female-biased dispersal (Favre et al.
Vole 1 B Crocidura leucodon Bicolored white-toothed shrew
1 Mus musculus House mouse 2 C Micromys minutus Harvest mouse 1 Mus musculus House mouse 3 Myodes glareolus Bank vole 1 Microtus sp.
Characterization of Imjin virus, a newly isolated hantavirus from the Ussuri white-toothed shrew
Viruses closely related antigenically to Hantaan virus have been isolated from the Asian house shrew (Suncus murinus), greater white-toothed shrew
(Crocidura russula), and Chinese mole shrew (Anourosorex squamipes) (10-12), which suggests that shrews are capable of serving as incidental hosts for hantaviruses typically harbored by rodents.
Although the detection of viruses in insectivores has been largely incidental or accidental, demonstration of Borna disease virus in brain tissues of the bicolored white-toothed shrew
(Crocidura leucodon) (34) suggests that insectivores may play a greater role in the ecology of zoonotic diseases than previously appreciated.
Here we report the first unequivocal detection of a BDV reservoir species, the bicolored white-toothed shrew
, Crocidura leucodon, in an area in Switzerland with endemic Borna disease.
Results of studies that attempted to detect these bacteria in common shrews (Sorex araneus), greater white-toothed shrews
(Crocidura russula) (2,3), or common moles (Talpa europaea) (2) were negative.
Thirty-three were insectivores (18 shrews [Sorex spp.] and 15 white-toothed shrews
To further investigate the existence and phylogeny of nonrodentborne hantaviruses, we analyzed lung and other visceral tissues, collected in RNAlater Stabilization Reagent (QIAGEN, Valencia, CA, USA), from 24 soricomorphs, including 9 white-toothed shrews
(Crocidura spp.), 3 Chinese mole shrews (Anourosorex squamipes), and 12 longnosed moles (Euroscaptor longirostris), captured in northern, central, and southern Vietnam during November and December 2006.