Pip, dear old chap, life is made of ever so many partings welded together, as I may say, and one man's a blacksmith, and one's a whitesmith
, and one's a goldsmith, and one's a coppersmith.
They were people in now long-forgotten occupations like whitesmiths
and tinsmiths, tackers and holders up in fabrication shops, shipyards or erecting sheds or, above all, pattern makers - men who through the deft alliance of hand and eye could form a piece of wood into an intricately shaped pattern for a foundry mould turning their work of art into steel forgings - a skill now replaced by algorithms powering a 3D printed assembly.
Many of the apprentices are listed as fitters and turners, although other trades include smiths, pattern makers, joiners, electricians, moulders, wiremen, whitesmiths
, boilermakers and coremakers.
The Hardy brothers advertised themselves as 'gunsmiths, whitesmiths
and cutlers', although the guns they sold were actually made in Birmingham.
Dus was kontrole en koordinasie die doel: "In Brussels, for example, there were different bells (werckclockes), sounding at different times, to signal the beginning and end of the work day for each group of spinners, weavers, twisters, tapestry workers and whitesmiths
Newcastle also had 18 dealers in marine stores, 19 whitesmiths
and nine saddlers.