Yet, when we think of path-breaking, superstar inventors from history--such as Wallace Carothers (DuPont), Edwin Land (Polaroid), or William Shockley
(Bell Labs and Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory), we often imagine hard-working and driven scientists who ignore financial incentives and merely seek intellectual achievement.
The beginnings of the cycle of what we now know as the venture-backed tech industry came about in 1956, in Northern California, when William Shockley
launched Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory as a division of Beckman Instruments in Mountain View, California and recruited talented engineers with PhDs from America's leading engineering schools to help him run it.
, a Nobel prizewinner for Physics, who had openly proposed that blacks were racially inferior, and that intelligence could be measured by the percentage of one's Caucasian blood.
In 1974, William Shockley
, the Nobel Prize-winning scientist who in many ways was the father of the computer revolution, was invited by Yale students to defend his abhorrent view that blacks were a genetically inferior race who should be voluntarily sterilized.
, creator of the transistor, ran for the California GOP's Senate nomination in 1982.
He befriended William Shockley
, a Stanford scientist fixated on correlations of IQ with race and an open advocate "for coercive sterilization for the 'genetically unfit.'"
, on Tony Brown's Journal and was reported to have "eviscerated" the Nobel Prize winner, explaining that her theory was "an attempt to understanding the behavior of white people in relationship to all people of color around the world." She also appeared on the Phil Donahue show.
It is a story about people: Mervin Kelly, the legendary Bell Labs President, the architect of the organization; Bill Baker, who succeeded him; William Shockley
, John Bardeen, and Walter Brattain, inventors of the transistor; Claude Shannon, the father of information theory; and John Pierce, an early champion of the first communication satellites.
The book describes his childhood and schooldays, recruitment into electronics engineering by Nobel Laureate William Shockley
, Moore's break with fellow senior staff to form Fairchild, and their invention of the silicon integrated circuit, or microchip.
During the course of an article on the limits of free speech, a writer referred approvingly to the shouting down of William Shockley
when he tried to speak at a Staten Island college.
That history, of course, is a Who's Who of innovation and disruption in technology: Alan Turing, William Shockley
, Grace Hopper, Pat Haggerty, and a host of others who paved the way for Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, Tim Berners-Lee, Jimmy Wales, Sergey Brin, and Larry Page--present-day innovators who inspire and lead the way for future generations.
Guest stars of "Leipei" include Alex Carter (Frank Kouris), Charlie Wilson (Boy), William Shockley
(Rand Palmer), Shaun Duke Moosekian (Manager), Shaun Duke Moosekian (Manager), Meagan Tandy (Sierra Fisher), Tamlyn Tomita (Homeland Security Agent Shana Rollins) and Rocky Abou-Sakher (Man (Antonis Cosse/Elias Minas).