Until recently it was seen most starkly in the humanitarian interventionism of Woodrow Wilson--hence the universally understood term "Wilsonism
." One of his biographers, August Heckscher, notes that he harbored a deep sense of national "honor" that he equated with America's commitment to the rights of all peoples everywhere.
Gelb, "Does Libya Represent a New Wilsonism
?" Symposium, The National Interest (March April, 2012), p.41.
They quote renowned Stanford University historian David Kennedy's characterization of Bush's desire to spread democracy in the Middle East as "Wilsonism
on steroids," but point out that Wilson favored having the United States help create conditions in which democracy could flourish--not necessarily create democracies itself.
The new president's first hesitant efforts to impose order were undermined by Congress's hypersensitivity to any sign of executive assertiveness (broadly and negatively termed "Wilsonism
" by conservatives of both parties).
In Germany, the Nazi press noted that the Harvard Crimson had denounced the Corporation's decision, claiming it deprived students of the opportunity to study in "one of the greatest cultural centers of the world." The Nazis declared that the Crimson's dissent exposed a wide gulf between a promising postwar American student generation, that resembled Hitler's young followers, and a decadent faculty "still clinging to old-fashioned Wilsonism
Anderson, "Critique of Wilsonism
," New Left Review, 27 (September-October 1964), 27.
One way of reducing the resonance of that note is to treat the Cold War as an episode in a wider history, placing the superpower struggle in a long perspective stretching back far beyond the First World War and the Russian Revolution when Wilsonism
and Leninism were first formulated.
Yes, he's aware of the "large differences," but no, this isn't going to stop him making his perverse equation, even if in the process he has to invent a "triple-headed hellgate's dog of Keynsianism, Fordism and Wilsonism
" and then graft this mythical monster like a "Siamese twin" (9) onto the collapsing Soviet empire.
Goldstein claims that the program of the New Europe Group, one of the major groups involved in planning, should not be "lumped together with Wilsonism
The essence of Wilsonism
stems from the 28th president's discomfort with American overseas actions conducted in behalf of U.S.
Elizabeth Spalding distinguishes Reaganism from Wilsonism
and captures the degree to which Reagan's bold strategy defied conventional wisdom.