It is sayd there be a raunge of mountaynes in the Easte, on one syde of the which certayn conducts are immorall, yet on the other syde they are holden in good esteeme; wherebye the mountayneer is much conveenyenced, for it is given to him to goe downe eyther way and act as it shall suite his moode, withouten
It is a most knightly largesse, and yet withouten
money how can man rise?"
Then sawgh I but a large feld, As fer as that I myghte see, Withouten
toun, or hous, or tree, Or bush, or grass, or eryd lond; For al the feld nas but of sond As smal as man may se yet lye In the desert of Lybye.
(17) Sackville also uses the word 'grisly' to describe Avernus and the mouth of Hell later in the 'Induction': 'first to the griesly lake | [...] An hydeous hole al vaste, withouten
shape, | Of endles depth, orewhelmde with ragged stone, | Wyth ougly mouth, and grisly Jawes doth gape' (ll.
like a ship in midst of tempest left Withouten
helme or Pilot her to sway, Full sad and dreadfull is that ships event: So is the man that wants intendiment.
En masse they arrive, and en masse they call for justice: The Cristene folk that thurgh the strete wente In coomen for to wondre upon this thyng, And hastily they for the provost sente; He cam anon withouten
Elsewhere, Mary Magdalene's exclamation, "My herte was perced with very compassion / that in me remained no lyfe of nature / Strokes of dethe I felte withouten
mesure," lines that seem to indicate profound, even limitless (one might say excessive) grief, are glossed, "This displacement of the mother of Christ by the 'lover of Cryst' clearly reflects a reformed view of mourning which rejects intercession and restrains excessive grief with a stoic certainty of salvation" (33).
Wyatt passes up an opportunity to refer to himself as a writer of poetry, but otherwise embraces the poem and translates with evident relish: Madam, withouten
many words Once I am sure ye will or no.
To doon youre lust, but I desire also Yow for to serve and plese in my degree Withouten
feyntyngo, and shal everemo; weariness Ne nevere, for no weleo ne no wo, good fortune Ne shal the goosto withinne myn herte stenteo spirit, cease To love yow best with al my trewe entente." (967-73) This is enough, and more than enough, to demonstrate the extent to which Griselda fulfills her marriage promise.
Here I gif Sir Galeton, withouten
any gile, Al the londes and the lithes [vassals] fro Lauer to Ayre, Connok and Carrak, Conyngham and Kile.
Other passages in the poem illustrate politically proper ("bi leve") relations, in which a lord stands over a peasant: "For may no cherl chartre make, ne his c[h]atel selle / Withouten
leve of his lord - no lawe wol it graunte" (11.127-28).(77) (Should the "cherl" wish to lease land to someone else, permission from the lord would be needed.) But this shift to the political - a displacement of "to ferme," which had signified the open economic relations in the fourteenth century - has its consequences for another political means, the trifunctional model, whose hierarchical principles are violated when a knight, Liberum Arbitrium as "lieutenaunt," is set under a plowman, Piers.