The Introduction highlights some major achievements of ancient Indian metallurgy: extraction of pure metallic zinc on a commercial scale by the 12th/13th century CE; the rust-free Delhi iron pillar of the 4th-5th century CE, weighing about 6 metric tons; the second millennium BCE "Copper Hoards" of the upper Ganga valley; the swords made of the famous wootz
steel; and the excellent reputation which Indian iron enjoyed internationally before the onset of the modern industrial revolution.
Agarwal, Sahai, Mishra, Bag, & Singh, 2011; Dickson, 1966; Edwards, 1967; Hakansson & Wootz
, 1975; Koufteros, Vickery, & Droge, 2012), only more recently have scholars begun to link CSR postulates and initiatives to supply management activities (e.
Hakansson and Wootz
1975; Insch and Miller 2005; White and Cundiff 1978), the most common method of controlling variables was on an ex-post facto basis (found in 97.
The area is renowned for the specialised production of crucible steel, sometimes called wootz
, a material used in the manufacture of the fabled swords of Damascus.
It is known that Wootz
steel, from which Damascus steel was derived (Verhoeven et al.