(1) The plays each use music to represent both the sacred and the profane, and so at once evoke the musical liturgy and Wycliffite
critiques of song's sensual dimension.
230) unedited sermon, possibly written for Wycliffite
readers, on the nature of the Christian community.
Their topics include a world astir: Europe and religion in the early 15th century, Wyclif's early reception in Bohemia and his influence on the thought of Jerome of Prague, determinism between Oxford and Prague: the late Wyclif's retractions and their defense ascribed to Peter Payne, interpreting the intention of Christ: Roman responses to Bohemian utraquism from Constance to Basel, preparing for Easter: sermons on the Eucharist in English Wycliffite
Sermons, and re-forming the life of Christ.
texts and lollard history (1988), especially chapters 9 and 10; and Anne Hudson, Lollards and their books (1985), especially chapter 15; or Christopher Haigh, English reformations: Religion, politics, and society under the Tudors (1993); and of course Eamon Duffy, The stripping of the altars (1992).
On mise-en-page and ruling patterns, see also Peikola, "Aspects of Mise-en-page in Manuscripts of the Wycliffite
Bible," in Medieval Texts in Context, ed.
In the 1395 Prologue to the Wycliffite
Bible, where the translators explain in detail their translation project, we can see how carefully they try to foreground "sentence":
Instead of a passive literary onlooker to Wycliffite
reform, Chaucer is his fellow theological light.
The volume is arranged in three main parts: John Wyclif, English Wycliffite
Writings, and Heresy Trials.
Spirituality" discusses the works of Wyclif, the fourteenth century spiritual scholar who wrote much on the relationship of man, prayer, and God.
Moreover when she and, behind her, Chaucer specifically connect her translation to "spiritual illumination" to being "quit fro thennes that most derk is" (66), her words become even more radical because of their potential association with Wycliffite
positions (Staley 201).
A more sustained discussion of the implications of the text's manuscript context, as well as its Wycliffite
or Lollard associations, would have been welcome.