Pixels are encrypted by XOR
operations with chaotic sequences.
The disorder of addition, XOR
, shifts operators and irregular sequence of subkeys are used to make it more secure (Wheeler, 1997).
The use of XOR
in the RC4 method is to compare plaintext binary numbers (unencrypted text) with pseudorandom bytes (binary).
This causes the XOR
gate to invert the AND gate's attempt to set BUS-SEL low.
Wang et al., "All-optical XOR
gates for QPSK signal based optical networks," IEEE Electronics Letters, vol.
Moreover, the algorithm of logistic modulation is very simple to implement in software, hardware, and all-optical XOR
(ii) assessing the organized layout with other contemporary outlines based on XOR
gate and without XOR
gate in terms of cell numbers, intricacy, and the expended area.
Regarding this behavior, an exclusive XOR
OLG is achieved by placing the two samples in tandem as illustrated in Figure 1.
In the Simeck encryption round function shown in Figure 1, the order of operations is as follows: ROL5 (left) [right arrow] AND (ROL5 (left), left) [right arrow] XOR
(right, AND (ROL5 (left), left)) [right arrow] ROL1 (left) [right arrow] XOR
(ROL1 (left), XOR
(right, AND (ROL5 (left), left))) [right arrow] XOR
(round key, XOR
(right, AND (ROL5 (left), left))) [right arrow] exchange left and right.
Then, the secret image can recover losslessly only by XORing n shares with a computational device with XOR
 proposed ecnryption algorithm based on OTP using logical operations, XOR
Austin-based data and analytics company XOR
Data Exchange has released a new application of its popular Compromised Identity Exchange platform to help Shopify store owners protect customers from identity theft and fraud, the company said.